PSY_462_Final_Review_Sheet

PSY_462_Final_Review_Sheet - PSY 462m: MINORITY MENTAL...

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PSY462 Final Exam Review Page 1 of 13 PSY 462m: MINORITY MENTAL HEALTH Fall 2007 Suggested areas of focus for the Final Exam This is only a suggested list of areas to review for the Final Exam. It is not meant to be a comprehensive list of what will be on the Final Exam. It is possible that topics on this list may not be on the exam, and it is equally possible that topics not included on this list may be on the exam. Health Belief Model: a set of assumptions that suggests that one’s health behavior is affected by one’s perceptions of a personal health threat as well as by how a particular health practice would be effective in reducing the personal health threat. The original Health Belief Model, constructed by Rosenstock (1966), was based on four constructs: 1) Perceived susceptibility (an individual's assessment of their risk of getting the condition) 2) Perceived severity (an individual's assessment of the seriousness of the condition, and its potential consequences) 3) Perceived barriers (an individual's assessment of the influences that facilitate or discourage adoption of the promoted behavior) 4) Perceived benefits (an individual's assessment of the positive consequences of adopting the behavior). Two constructs were later added: 5) Perceived efficacy (an individual's self-assessment of ability to successfully adopt the desired behavior) 6) Cues to action (external influences promoting the desired behavior) Health Psychology: concerns itself with understanding how biology, behavior, and social context influence health and illness. It seeks to identify the behaviors and experiences that promote health, lead to illness, influence the effectiveness of health care, and recommend improvements to health policy both for individuals and institutions. The study of psychological influences on how people stay healthy, why they become ill, and how they respond when they get ill. Health disparities (gender, ethnicity): Minorities Minorities are more likely to be diagnosed with late-state breast cancer and colorectal cancer than are whites. Patients of lower socioeconomic position are less likely to receive recommended diabetic services and more likely to be hospitalized for diabetes and its complications When hospitalized for acute myocardial infarction, Hispanics are less likely to receive optimal care Many racial and ethnic minorities and persons of lower SES position are more likely to die for HIV. Minorities also account for a disproportionate share of new AIDS cases. The use of physical restraints in nursing homes is higher among Hispanics and As/Pac Is. Than among non-Hispanic whites. Blacks and poorer patients have higher rates of avoidable admissions. Af. Ams have the highest rate of cardiovascular disease in the world. Diabetes has reached epidemic proportions among Nat Am., Af. Ams and Hisp Ams.
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This note was uploaded on 10/19/2010 for the course PSYC 462 taught by Professor Lau during the Fall '08 term at USC.

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PSY_462_Final_Review_Sheet - PSY 462m: MINORITY MENTAL...

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