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Unformatted text preview: Multiple‑Choice Questions 1) Histology c ould be defined as a study of________. A) cells B) tissues C) cell chemistry D) the gross structures of the body Answer: 2) The study of the heart may incorporate many aspec ts of anatomy but as a whole you would say it is __________ anatomy. A) microscopic B) gross C) developmental D) systemic Answer: 3) An increased rate of breathing as a result of an increased buildup of c arbon dioxide in the bloodstream would be an example of ________. A) maintaining boundaries B) excretion of metabolic waste C) responsiveness D) metabolism Answer: 4) Normal body temperature is ________ degrees c entigrade. A) 98 B) 68 C) 47 D) 37 Answer: 5) If you c onsider your home air conditioner in terms of homeostasis then the wall thermostat would be the ________. A) control center B) rec eptor C) effec tor D) variable Answer: 6) The purpose of negative feedback is ________. A) to control all levels of the bodyʹs systems B) to prevent sudden and severe changes within the body C) to keep the bodyʹs sugar ʺnormalʺ D) to regulate Answer: 7) ________ is the spec ific name for the hip. A) Manus B) Inguinal C) Pedal D) Coxal Answer: 8) An oblique c ut is one that ________. A) is c ut horizontal right and left B) is c ut between the vertic al and horizontal C) is c ut vertic al right and left D) is c ut perpendic ular to vertical and horizontal Answer: 9) The heart lies in the ________ cavity. A) dorsal mediastium B) ventral pleural C) dorsal peric ardial D) ventral pericardial Answer: 10) ________ cavities are spaces between bones. A) Nasal B) Synovial C) Orbital D) Oral Answer: 11) A structure that is composed of two or more tissues would be ________. A) a complex tissue B) an organ system C) an organ D) a complex c ell Answer: 12) The cavities between bones are c alled __________ cavities. A) parietal B) peric ardial C) vertebral D) synovial Answer: 13) Which of the following would not be functional characteristics of life? A) movement B) responsiveness to external stimuli C) maintenance of boundaries D) dec ay Answer: 14) ________ means toward or at the back of the body, behind. A) Anterior B) Lateral C) Distal D) Dorsal Answer: 15) The single most abundant chemic al substanc e of the body, accounting for 60 to 80% of body weight, is ________. A) oxygen B) protein C) water D) hydrogen Answer: 16) The posterior side of the patella would be called ________. A) sural B) crural C) antecubital D) popliteal Answer: 17) Which of the following statements is true conc erning feedbac k mechanisms? A) Positive feedbac k mechanisms always result in excessive damage to the host. B) Negative feedbac k mechanisms tend to increase the original stimulus. C) Negative feedbac k mechanisms work to prevent sudden severe changes within the body. D) Blood gluc ose levels are regulated by positive feedbac k mechanisms. Answer: 18) The anatomic al position is characterized by all of the following except ________. A) body erect B) arms at sides C) palms turned posteriorly D) thumbs pointed laterally Answer: 19) A good example of a positive feedback mechanism would be ________. A) body temperature regulation B) regulating gluc ose levels in the blood C) enhancement of labor contractions by oxytoc in D) blood calc ium level regulation Answer: 20) A parasagittal plane is ________. A) a transverse c ut just above the knees B) two c uts dividing the body into left and right halves C) any sagittal plane exc ept the median D) any c ut dividing the body into anterior and posteriOR 21) Which of the following organs or structures would be found in the left iliac region? A) appendix B) stomach C) liver D) intestines Answer: 22) The parietal pleural would represent a serous membrane ________. A) covering individual lungs B) lining the thoracic cavity C) covering the heart D) lining the abdominal c avity Answer: 23) Which one of the following is c onsidered a functional system rather than an organ system? A) endocrine B) lymphatic C) immune D) nervous Answer: 24) Choose the anatomical topic and definition that is not correctly matched. A) Gross anatomy: study of structures visible to the eye. B) Microscopic anatomy: study of structures too small to be seen by the naked eye. C) Developmental anatomy: study of the changes in an individual from birth through old age. D) Embryology: study of the changes in an individual from conception to birth. Answer: 25) Homeostasis is the condition in which the body maintains ________. A) the lowest possible energy usage B) a relatively stable internal environment, within limits C) a static state with no deviation from preset points D) a dynamic state within an unlimited range Answer: 26) The lungs are loc ated in the following c avities ________. A) pleural, ventral, and thoracic B) mediastinum, thorac ic, and ventral C) pleural, dorsal, and abdominal D) peric ardial, ventral, and thorac ic Answer: 27) Choose the following statement that is not completely correct regarding serous membranes. A) Serosa are very thin, doublelayered structures. B) Serous membranes are divided into parietal and visc eral membranes with a potential space between the two. C) Visc eral pericardium c overs the surface of the heart, and parietal pericardium lines the walls of the heart. D) Serous membranes secrete a watery lubricating fluid. Answer: 28) Place the following in c orrect sequenc e from simplest to most c omplex: 1. molecules 2. atoms 3. tissues 4. cells 5. organ A) 12345 B) 21435 C) 21345 D) 12435 Answer: 29) Which of the following imaging devices would best localize a tumor in a personʹs brain? A) X ray B) DSA C) PET D) MRI Answer: 30) Which of these is not part of the dorsal c avity? A) cranial cavity B) thoracic c avity C) spinal c ord D) vertebral c avity Answer: 31) The spleen is located in which abdominopelvic quadrant? A) right upper B) right lower C) left upper D) left lower Answer: 32) Which of the following statements is most c orrec t of homeostatic imbalanc e? A) It is considered the c ause of most diseases. B) The internal environment is becoming more stable. C) Positive feedbac k mechanisms are overwhelmed. D) Negative feedbac k mechanisms take over. Answer: 33) Subdivisions of anatomy inc lude ________. A) gross, macrosc opic, visual, and microscopic B) gross, regional, dissection, and surface C) regional, surfac e, visual, and microscopic D) gross, regional, systemic, and surfac e Answer: 34) The term pollex refers to the ________. A) great toe B) calf C) fingers D) thumb Answer: 35) The dorsal body c avity is the site of which of the following? A) intestines B) brain C) lungs D) liver Answer: 36) Selec t the statement that is most correct. A) The immune system is a func tional system rather than a structural system. B) Organ systems operate independently to maintain life. C) The endocrine system is not a true structural organ system. D) Organ systems can be composed of c ells or tissues, but not both. Answer: 37) One of the functional characteristics of life is irritability. This refers to ________. A) indigestible food residues stimulating the excretory system B) sensing changes in the environment and then reacting or responding to them C) the nervous system causing all living things to sometimes experience anger D) the nec essity for all organisms to reproduc e Answer: 38) Survival needs of the body inc lude ________. A) nutrients, water, movement, and reproduction B) nutrients, water, growth, and reproduction C) water, atmospheric pressure, growth, and movement D) nutrients, water, atmospheric pressure, and oxygen Answer 39) The frontal plane is also called the ______ plane. A) vertical B) oblique C) coronal D) median Answer: 40) The anatomic al position is used ________. A) rarely, because people donʹt usually assume this position B) as a standard reference point for direc tional terms regardless of the actual position of the body C) only when a body is lying down D) as the most c omfortable way to stand when dissecting a c adaver Answer: 41) A horizontal section through the body is called ________. A) frontal B) regional C) sagittal D) transverse Answer: 42) A vertic al section through the body, dividing it into left and right, is called ________. A) frontal B) regional C) sagittal D) transverse Answer: 43) A vertic al section through the body, dividing it into anterior and posterior, is called ________. A) frontal B) median C) sagittal D) transverse Answer: 44) Which body c avity protects the nervous system? A) Cranial B) Dorsal C) Vertebral D) Thoracic Answer: Fill‑in‑the‑Blank/Short Answer Questions 1) ________ consist of similar cells that have a common function. Answer: 2) The ________ system secretes hormones that regulate growth proc esses and nutrient usage by body c ells. Answer: 3) ________ is a term that describes the back of the elbow Answer: 4) ________ is a term that describes the heel region. Answer: 5) The elbow is ________ to the wrist. Answer: 6) The ________ c avity c ontains tiny bones that transmit sound vibrations to the organ of hearing in the inner ear. Answer: 7) ________ is explained by chemical and physical princ iples and is c oncerned with the function of specific organs or organic systems. Answer: 8) ________ is a dynamic equilibrium of your internal environment. Answer: 9) The ________ c avity c ontains the bladder, some reproductive organs, and the rectum. Answer: 10) ________ peritoneum is the serous membrane that covers the intestines. Answer: 11) ________ physiology c onc erns urine produc tion and kidney func tion. Answer: 12) ________ is a broad term that c overs all chemical reactions that occ ur within the body c ells. Answer: 13) What is the function of the serous membranes? Answer: 14) Fully describe the anatomical position for the human body. Answer: 15) Gross anatomy refers to: Answer: 16) Can lungs carry out excretory func tions? Explain. Answer: 17) The higher we go in the mountains the greater the atmospheric pressure which causes a loss of oxygen. Comment on this statement. Answer: 18) Why is anatomical terminology nec essary? Answer: 19) The lungs are ________ to the skin. Answer: 20) The five cavities of the head are cranial, oral, nasal, middle ear, and ______. Answer: Clinical Questions 1) A small family was traveling in its van and had a minor accident. The children in the bac k seats were wearing lap belts, but still sustained numerous bruises about the abdomen, and had some internal organ injuries. Why is this area more vulnerable to damage than others? Answer: 2) A surgeon removed a section of tissue along a transverse plane for microsc opic examination. What two names would the section be c alled? Answer: 3) Judy is 16 years old and c ollapses on the gym floor in severe pain to her chest wall. She is rushed by ambulance to the emergenc y room. Judy is diagnosed with pleurisy and is given an antiinflammatory through the intravenous route. Explain why an antiinflammatory would be prescribed for someone with pleurisy. Answer: 4) Explain why an 80yearold woman requires a much longer time to recover from the flu versus a woman who is age 30. Answer: 5) The nurse charted: ʺClient has an open wound located on lateral aspect of leg.ʺ Describe where the wound is loc ated. Answer: 6) The c lient was admitted to the hospital with hypertension. The development of arteriosc lerosis has increased peripheral resistance to blood flow, worsening his hypertension. This is an example of what type of feedbac k loop and why? Answer ...
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This note was uploaded on 10/18/2010 for the course BIO 2402 taught by Professor Opara during the Spring '10 term at Lone Star College.
- Spring '10