CH X Hesi - Community Study Guide for the Hesi Population...

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Community Study Guide for the Hesi Population Groups across the Lifespan Health Risks Infants Number 1 cause of injury or death is suffocation followed by Motor Vehicle Accident then Homicide. Sudden Infant Death Syndrome Infection is the most significant cause of illness in infants and children. Children Obesity – Healthy people objectives have addressed youth fitness and obesity Defined by using BMI which is a ratio of weight to height Risks for childhood obesity were related to obesity in the parents Obesity rates higher populations such as Native American, Hispanic, and African Americans groups. Lower socioeconomic groups in urban settings have been associated with higher rates Injuries and Accidents - Number one cause of death in ages 1 – 24 yrs. Motor vehicles accidents are the leading cause of death among children and teenagers. Toddlers experience a large number of falls, poisonings, and motor vehicle accidents School age children has the lowest injury death rate; however, this group has difficulty judging speed and distance, placing them at risk for pedestrian and bicycle accidents. Adolescents injury accounts for 75% of all deaths and risk-taking becomes more conscious at this time especially among males. Suicide is the second leading cause of death among youths between the ages of 15 and 24. Suicide s the third leading cause of death among youth between the ages of 10 and 24 years. Acute Illness - also a significant cause of illness in children. Chronic Health Problems - improved medical technology has increased the number of children surviving with chronic health problems. Examples: Down Syndrome, spina bifida, cerebral palsy, asthma, diabetes, congenital heart disease, cancer, hemophilia, broncopulmonary dysplasia, and AIDS Routine immunizations have been very successful in preventing selected diseases. Good nutrition is essential for healthy growth and development and influences disease prevention in later life. Women The women’s health movement was pivotal in bringing national recognition to women’s health issues. Women have a longer life expectancy than men
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Women are more likely to have acute and chronic conditions that require them to use more services than men. Women of color are more statistically more likely to have poor health outcomes because of poor understanding of health, lack of access to health care, and lifestyle practices. Heart disease leading cause of death in women Lung Cancer leading cause of cancer in women and 2 nd leading cause of death Men Men are physiologically the more vulnerable gender, shorter life span and higher infant mortality rate Life expectancy of men in the US is one of the lowest in the developed countries Men engage in more risk-taking behaviors than women Men tend to avoid diagnosis and treatment of illnesses that may result in serious health problems Elderly Steadily growing population Increase in chronic conditions, demand for services, and strained health care budgets More older adults live in the community
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This note was uploaded on 10/16/2010 for the course NURS 2300 taught by Professor Various during the Spring '10 term at Mid-America.

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CH X Hesi - Community Study Guide for the Hesi Population...

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