CH X prep - 1.

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1. The term "instructive district nursing" was coined in the nineteenth century to describe the relationship of nursing to: A. Health education B. Home health care C. Settlement houses D. Visiting nurse services Answer:  A - In 1886 in Boston, two women, to improve their chances of gaining financial support for their cause, coined  the term "instructive district nursing" to emphasize the relationship of nursing to health education. 2. In the United States, the current system of the local government's responsibility for providing care for the  disenfranchised emerged from: A. Elizabethan Poor Law B. Florence Nightingale C. Public Health Service (PHS) D. Federal Emergency Relief Administration (FERA) Answer:  A - Colonial Americans established systems of care for the sick, poor, aged, mentally ill, and dependent based  on the model of the Elizabethan Poor Law. Early county or township government was responsible for the care of all  dependent residents, and they were strict about caring for their own residents. 3. Community-oriented nursing in the twenty-first century has been influenced by recent historical events (i.e., 9/11,  anthrax scare), key professional developments (i.e., nursing shortage), government reports (i.e., Healthy People  2010, IOM reports), and legislation that support the approach of: A. Keeping the public healthy B. Illness care C. Caring for the disenfranchised D. Preventing illness Answer:  A - In 2001, with airplanes flying into buildings and anthrax sent through the mail, people no longer believed they  could protect themselves. The importance of keeping the public healthy became a topic for all forms of media.  Resources were redirected to ensure that citizens could remain safe in their homeland. In 2002, the Institute of  Medicine (IOM) published a guide to education in each of the disciplines related to public health—Who Will Keep the  Public Healthy? In 2003, the Association of Community Health Educators (ACHE) and the Quad Council finalized their  own set of public health nursing competencies. In 2003, the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act  (HIPAA) was created to protect individuals' health information while ensuring access to high-quality health care and  reduction in health care errors. 4. In 1902, Lillian Wald introduced the concept of school nursing to address the problem of student absenteeism by: A. Providing and obtaining medical treatment for absent students B. Excluding infectious children from the school environment C. Enforcing the Department of Health’s rules and regulations D. Providing shoes and clothing for absent students Answer:  A - In New York City in 1897, school medical examination focused on excluding infectious children from school. 
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This note was uploaded on 10/16/2010 for the course NURS 2300 taught by Professor Various during the Spring '10 term at Mid-America.

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CH X prep - 1.

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