History review - History review US Neutrality...

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History review US Neutrality Policy "Because the U.S. had been in many wars before and knew nothing good would come of this and it is a very bloody war" The US declared neutrality because: 1. The US had a lot of trading routes and the like in the Allies territory so they couldn't do anything to hurt those trades. 2. The US consisted of many different nationalities, mostly from the nations at war. Siding with one country would lead to inner turmoil in the US. 3. It wasn't our problem. The war was between the Allies and the Central Powers, why should we lose US lives when it wasn't our fight? Reasons for Americans entry into WW1 Submarine Warfare and the Lusitania There were unauthorized German submarines along the US East coast. Germany's resumption of unrestricted submarine warfare in the spring of 1917 provided the final straw for US politicians, and America declared war. The first and foremost answer would be the sinking of the Lusitania, an British cruise/transport ship, bound for Britain from New York. The German U-boat ring sought to sink all supply ships headed for Britain in order to starve the island. It sank the Lusitania as part of its efforts. 1195 people died, including 128 Americans. The Lusitania's sinking was the biggest influence on the American decision to enter the war. German submarine warfare (the Lusitania is included in this) sunk many ships over several years. Had it not been for the Lusitania, the US would have stayed out of the War. Economics Some say the "bankers" were involved. The U.S. had huge economic investments with the British and French. If they were to lose, then they would not be able to pay the U.S. debt back (amounting to about two billion dollars while Germany only borrowed a mere 27 million). If Allies could not pay back all the loans made to them by the American bankers, the US's economy could collapse.
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France and England were financing their war with US loans. In addition, they were buying massive amounts of arms from the US on credit. The US wanted to make sure that it got paid back. Germany also purchased arms, but in a much more limited fashion. Politics Propaganda from both sides influenced the American decision. Woodrow Wilson did not want to go to war but when Teddy Roosevelt decided to run for another term, Wilson felt threatened and announced that there would be a preparedness program and possibly that the country would go to war. By entering the war, the US got to flex its muscles on the world stage and establish itself as a world power. After both sides of the Mexican civil war demanded that our troops leave and public opinion badly swayed against US intervention in Mexico, Wilson had no choice but to withdraw. By having the threat of Germany helping Mexico fight back against him, Wilson knew he had to take action. He couldn't go back into Mexico because the American people would not allow it. He really had no beef with Germany, he just wanted to save face before Mexico could fight back. Ideology
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This note was uploaded on 10/15/2010 for the course SCIENCE 161 taught by Professor Potenza during the Spring '10 term at Anne Arundel CC.

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History review - History review US Neutrality...

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