Thermal Analysis of Polymeric Material-B.Wunderlich

Thermal Analysis of Polymeric Material-B.Wunderlich -...

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Unformatted text preview: Bernhard Wunderlich Thermal Analysis of Polymeric Materials 123 Bernhard Wunderlich Thermal Analysis of Polymeric Materials With 974 Figures Prof. Dr. Bernhard Wunderlich 200 Baltusrol Road Knoxville, TN 37922-3707 USA wunderlich@chartertn.net Library of Congress Controll Number: 2004114977 ISBN 3-540-23629-5 Springer Berlin Heidelberg New York This work is subject to copyright. All rights are reserved, whether the whole or part of the material is concerned, specifically the rights of translation, reprinting, reuse of illustrations, recitation, broadcasting, reproduction on micro-film or in any other way, and storage in data banks. Duplication of this publication or parts thereof is permitted only under the provisions of the German Copyright Law of September 9, 1965, in its current version, and permission for use must always be obtained from Springer. Violations are liable to prosecution under the German Copyright Law. Springer is a part of Springer Science+Business Media springeronline.com © Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2005 Printed in The Netherlands The use of general descriptive names, registred names, trademarks etc. in this publication does not imply, even in the absence of a specific statement, that such names are exempt from the relevant protective laws and regulations and therefore free for general use. Cover design: KünkelLopka, Heidelberg Production: LE-TeX Jelonek, Schmidt & Vöckler GbR, Leipzig Typesetting by the author Printed on acid-free paper 2/3130/yl – 5 4 3 2 1 0 __________________________________________________________________ Preface Thermal analysis is an old technique. It has been neglected to some degree because developments of convenient methods of measurement have been slow and teaching of the understanding of the basics of thermal analysis is often wanting. Flexible, linear macromolecules , also not as accurately simply called polymers, make up the final, third, class of molecules which only was identified in 1920. Polymers have never been fully integrated into the disciplines of science and engineering. This book is designed to teach thermal analysis and the understanding of all materials, flexible macromolecules, as well as those of the small molecules and rigid macromolecules. The macroscopic tool of inquiry is thermal analysis, and the results are linked to microscopic molecular structure and motion. Measurements of heat and mass are the two roots of quantitative science. The macroscopic heat is connected to the microscopic atomic motion , while the macroscopic mass is linked to the microscopic atomic structure . The macroscopic units of measurement of heat and mass are the joule and the gram, chosen to be easily discernable by the human senses. The microscopic units of motion and structure are the picosecond (10 12 seconds) and the ångstrom (10 10 meters), chosen to fit the atomic scales. One notes a factor of 10,000 between the two atomic units when expressed in “human” units, second and gram—with one gram being equal to one...
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Thermal Analysis of Polymeric Material-B.Wunderlich -...

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