Chapter 1 chemical bonds

Chapter 1 chemical bonds - Organic Chemistry Joseph M....

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1 Joseph M. Hornback University of Denver (1998) About lectures Textbook Reference books: 1. - , ª - –!Á* 2. Organic Chemistry – Written by R.T. Morrison and R.N. Boyd, About homework Organic Chemistry
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2 Chapter 1 Chemical Bonds 1.1~1.2 Introduction Organic chemistry is the study of organic compounds. Organic compounds are the compounds of carbon. e.g. C-C C-H C-N C-X (halogen, J ) {C-O C-S} ammonium cyanate ( urea J made by a German chemist in 1828 ammonium(cation) -- J , NH 4 + , e.g. NH 4 OH, NH 4 Cl ammonia -- J , NH 3 ~hydroxide, ~chloride amine -- J , RNH , R NH, R N O H 2 N-C-NH 2 ¡÷ NH 4 OCN
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3 Friedrich Woehler (1800~1882) Fullerenes ( J ): C 60 , C 70
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4 1.3 The structure theory of organic chemistry Chemical bond Valence ( J ) tetravalent divalent trivalent (uni-) monovalent Prefix used in organic chemistry: mono- or uni-; di- or bi or bis-; tri-; tetra-; penta-; hexa-; hepta-; octa-; nona-; deca-; undeca-; dodeca-; trideca-; … icosa- C O S N H X ( F,Cl,Br,I )
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5 Saturated and unsaturated bonds single bond saturated bond unsaturated bond double bond triple bond C C N c c c o c c c N c
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6 Empirical formula, molecular formula and structural formula EF: C n H 2n+2 C n H 2n C n H 2n-2 C n H 2n O C n H 2n+2 O MF: C 4 H 10 C 5 H 10 C 4 H 6 C 3 H 6 O… C 2 H 6 O SF: C 4 H 10 : C 5 H 10 : C C C C C C C C C C=C-C-C-C C-C=C-C-C C=C-C-C C C-C=C-C C C-C-C=C C C-C-C-C
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7 C C O C C 4 H 6 : C 3 H 6 O: C 2 H 6 O: C C O OH C C C O C C C O H C C C C C C C C C C C C C C
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This note was uploaded on 10/16/2010 for the course CHEM 60280 taught by Professor Ryu during the Spring '09 term at TCU.

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Chapter 1 chemical bonds - Organic Chemistry Joseph M....

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