S2a-Fang Yan-China Agriculture Reform and Rural Development

S2a-Fang Yan-China Agriculture Reform and Rural Development...

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China’s Agriculture Reform and Rural Development Fang Yan Department of Agricultural Economy National Development and Reform Commission
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2 Institutional Reform: The Transformation of China’s Rural Economic System Established a new rural economic system framework that can meet the demand of the socialist market economy ----Abolished the People’s Commune System, adopted Household Responsibility System, Land Contract, which has greatly liberalized productivity in the countryside. ----Abolished the traditional state monopoly for purchase and marketing of agricultural products, opened the market of grain purchase and marketing, encourage diversified farming in rural areas.
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3 Institutional Reform: Break the Dualistic Economic Structure between the City and Countryside Institutional Reform: • Establish a uniform labor market for both the city and countryside -- New Rural labor currently works in cities • Remove the institutional obstacles for economic development -- Land Expropriation System Hukou (household registration) System Gradually open up the traditionally closed countryside, speed up the harmonization between urban and rural areas.
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4 Agriculture Supports the Fast Development of National Economy 0 10000 20000 30000 40000 50000 60000 1978年 2007年 Grain 10K T on Meat 10K Ton China is the biggest producer of grain, cotton, cooking oil, Poultry & Egg ,Aquatic products, fruit, and vegetable in the world. The per capita amount of 8 products (grain, meat, egg, etc.) is above the world average.
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5 • China feeds 21% of the world population(1.3 billion) with only 9% of the world’s arable land
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6 Urban Households’ Engel‘s Coefficient declined from 57.5% to 37.8% Rural households’ Engel‘s Coefficient declined from 67.7% to 43% ±²³´µ¶ ·¸ 0. 0 20. 0 40. 0 60. 0 80. 0 19 7 8 1 9 85 1991 93 1995 99 20 0 03 2005 Engel’s Coefficient (Urban and Rural) Urban Rural
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7 Notable Improvement in Rural Living Standard 村城±²³ ´µ 农± ( ) 0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 3500 4000 1 9 7 8 5 3 2 0 Annual per capita rural income increased from RMB134 in 1978 to RMB 4140 in 2007 Rural Per Capita Annual Income
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8 Notable Improvement in Rural Living Standard 1978 2007 Rural Poverty Headcount 250 Million 14.79 Million Incidence 30% 1.6% New rural cooperatives medical service system and Rural Subsistence Security System (establish Minimum Rural Living Standard )
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9 Not everything has been going smoothly in China’s Rural Reform After 1998, affected by the Asian financial crisis, 5 consecutive years of insufficient domestic demand kept agricultural products’ price low, major agricultural products like grain and cotton’s market kept shrinking, farmer’s income growth slowed down, they lost incentive to produce more.
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This note was uploaded on 10/18/2010 for the course MACAU macau taught by Professor Macau during the Spring '10 term at University of Macau.

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S2a-Fang Yan-China Agriculture Reform and Rural Development...

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