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7-9_Theories of Conflict

7-9_Theories of Conflict - Theories of Conflict Theories of...

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Unformatted text preview: Theories of Conflict Theories of Conflict Problems with Parsons’ Structural Problems with Parsons’ Structural Approach Overly Complex? Teleology Power Tautology – Conflict?? – Inequality?? Historical Antecedents Historical Antecedents Karl Marx Max Weber Georg Simmel Lewis Coser Ralf Dahrendorf – Functional Forms – Simmelian – Structural Sources of Conflict – Groups Key – Not Functional…Dysfunctional or anti­systemic – Weberian… – Violence as Ritual Randall Collins Different Assumptions Different Assumptions Structural­Functionalism Conflict – Society persisting – Well integrated – All parts contribute to whole – Consensual Relations – Change constant/normal – Every Moment = Social Conflict – All parts contribute to change – Constraint over Consensus Macro Structure and Conflict Macro Structure and Conflict Power vs. Authority Elements: Power versus Wealth/Prestige… – Relational (Sub/Super Ordinates) – Behavior Prescribed – Legitimate Right to Command – Contextually Limited – Sanctions – Rarer – Dichotomous Vertical Distinction Vertical Distinction Power Differential = Opposed Interests – Latent: – Manifest Preservation vs. Change Overt Organizing Principles Ex. Repub v. Dem; Management v. Labor Every Interaction: Change = Change in Power Structure – Shaped by Opposition (even if unconsciously) – Reflects Macro Structure Conflict Dynamics Conflict Dynamics Organizational Efficacy – Means of Communication? – Recruitment: Intensity of Conflict Pool of Potential Members Freedom of Assoc. Overt (Real/Perceived) Grievance Type of Change – Channels of Social Mobility – Effective Mechanisms of Conflict Regulation/Resolution – Stability + Solidarity + Capacity of Ruling Class ­ – Stability + Solidarity + Capacity of Dominated Class Non­Violent Movements – – – Types of Social Change Types of Social Change Violent Forms – Mobs Crowds are: Reform Efforts Revitalization Movements Counter­Movements – – – Revolution Civil War v. War Terrorism Mob Behavior may end in Riot or… – Emotionally Primed – Singularly Focused Simmel, Coser, and Tension Simmel, Coser, and Tension Functions of Conflict – – Reinvigorating…Revitalizing Stimulates: Simmel/Coser: Changes in Norms “” Institutions “” Technology/Economic Relations Prevents Rigidity…Inertia! – Violent Conflict = Destructive – Regulated Conflict = Constructive/Innovative Competition Diversity…Dissension Tension – Solidarity Conflict Solidarity Within and Without Within and Without What is Change? – Quantitative Change Gradual/Cumulative – Population Growth – Interpretation/Reinterpretation of Bible – Qualitative Change Sometimes Conflict or Competition…Other times Innovation or Adaptation Sudden…Spontaneous…Violent – Social Relations – Social Structure – Symbolic Systems Conflict Key – Does not mean new stage… – Ex. Increase in Complexity ...
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