Lecture05 (6 slides per page)

Lecture05 (6 slides per page) - BUS 105: Production and...

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BUS 105: Production and Operations Management Copyright: Mohsen ElHafsi 2010 1- BUS 105 BUS 105 Production and Operations Production and Operations Management Management Facility Layout Facility Layout Line Balancing BUS 105: Production and Operations Management 2 Layout refers to the configuration of departments, work centers, and equipment, with particular emphasis on movement of work (customers or materials) through the system Facility layout BUS 105: Production and Operations Management 3 Requires substantial investments of money and effort Involves long-term commitments Has significant impact on cost and efficiency of short-term operations Importance of Layout Decisions BUS 105: Production and Operations Management 4 Inefficient operations For Example: High Cost Bottlenecks Changes in the design of products or services The introduction of new products or services Accidents Safety hazards The Need for Layout Decisions BUS 105: Production and Operations Management 5 The Need for Layout Designs Changes in environmental or other legal requirements Changes in volume of output or mix of products Changes in methods and equipment Moral Problems BUS 105: Production and Operations Management 6 1. Specification of objectives of the system in terms of output and flexibility. 2. Estimation of product or service demand on the system. 3. Processing requirements in terms of number of operations and amount of flow between departments and work centers. 4. Space requirements for the elements in the layout. 5. Space availability within the facility itself. Inputs to the Layout Decision
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BUS 105: Production and Operations Management Copyright: Mohsen ElHafsi 2010 1- BUS 105: Production and Operations Management 7 Basic Types of Layout Process (Functional) Layout Product Layout Group Technology (Cellular Layout) Fixed-Position Layout Hybrid or Combination Layout BUS 105: Production and Operations Management 8 Process (Functional) Layout: Example Layout that can handle varied processing requirements Milling Assembly & Test Grinding Drilling Plating Process Layout - work travels to dedicated process centers BUS 105: Production and Operations Management 9 Process Layout What factors might we consider when determining the locations of process areas, or departments? BUS 105: Production and Operations Management 10 Given The flow (number of moves) to and from all departments The cost of moving from one department to another The existing or planned physical layout of the plant Determine The “best” locations for each department, where best means interdepartmental transportation, or flow, costs Process Layout: Interdepartmental Flow BUS 105: Production and Operations Management 11 Involves searching for departmental changes to reduce overall flow cost Difficult to determine correct moves Non-optimal and based on limited criteria (cost, flow and distance) Process Layout: Cut-And-Try Approach BUS 105: Production and Operations Management 12 Activity Shipping and receiving
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This note was uploaded on 10/16/2010 for the course BUS 105 taught by Professor Singh during the Spring '08 term at UC Riverside.

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Lecture05 (6 slides per page) - BUS 105: Production and...

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