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Lecture3 - Chapter 3 Research Ethics Why Do We Need...

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Chapter 3: Research Ethics
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Why Do We Need Research Ethics? Social Scien*sts o-en deal in sensi*ve subjects: Sexual Ac*vity; Sexual Preference; Income; Racial A>tudes; Gender A>tudes; Status. Ethical Prac*ces aCempt to limit nega*ve impact to par*cipants in social science research. See Bri*sh Gene*c Study as Example.
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Rule 1 Voluntary Par*cipa*on: Individuals must freely volunteer to par*cipate in a social experiment; i.e. they cannot be unknowing par*cipants, nor can they be posi*vely or nega*vely coerced. Posi*ve coercion: Offered a reward for doing so. Extra Credit Money Proba*on Nega*ve coercion: Threatened with “not nice” consequences if they don’t cooperate. Fail the course Longer Sentencing. Threats of shame, guilt, etc.
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Obstacles to Following Rule 1 Some people may be more willing to par*cipate in studies than others; this can lead to a sampling bias. i.e. are you measuring what you think you are? Example: What if People who love par*cipa*ng in research studies are also very prejudice, and people who do not like par*cipa*ng are not prejudice?
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Rule 2 Do not harm the par*cipants; if you do, have a good reason and minimize the amount of damage done. Can be both Passive and Ac*ve.
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