Chapter 2 and 3- Court Systems, Jurisdiction, and ADR

Chapter 2 and 3- Court Systems, Jurisdiction, and ADR -...

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CHAPTERS 2 AND 3 Court Systems, Jurisdiction, and  Judicial, Alternative, and Online  Dispute Resolution
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The American Courtroom Ch. 2 & 3- Court Systems, Jurisdiction, and Judicial, Alternative, and Online Dispute Resolution 2 An American courtroom is the forum  for the taking of evidence in both  documentary and oral testimony form  pursuant to rules of evidence before a  trier of fact in accordance with the  substantive and procedural rules of  the forum.   The trier of fact will  make findings of fact and the judge  will reach conclusions of law. A determinative verdict will be  rendered which may be subject to  appellate review.  In this manner  disputes are  resolved in a public  forum.  
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Two Major Court Systems in the U.S. Ch. 2 & 3- Court Systems, Jurisdiction, and Judicial, Alternative, and Online Dispute Resolution 3 There are two parallel governmental systems,  federal and state, within separate and independent  branches of government.  Thus, we have a federal  and a state court system which reviews the actions  and laws of the legislative and executive branches.
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Terminology Ch. 2 & 3- Court Systems, Jurisdiction, and Judicial, Alternative, and Online Dispute Resolution 4 Judicial review :  the process of the court system  by which the acts of the executive and legislative  branches are determined to be constitutional. Trial:   the determination of disputes arising in  the civil and public law branches of law. cf :  administrative hearings Jurisdiction:   the power of a court to hear the  dispute involving the subject matter and the  particular parties before the court ( i. e. both  subject matter and in personam jurisdiction) (Lat.   “juris” the law and “diction” “to speak”)
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Terminology (cont.) Ch. 2 & 3- Court Systems, Jurisdiction, and Judicial, Alternative, and Online Dispute Resolution 5 In personam   jurisdiction:   normally refers to the power  of the court to make residents of that state subject to its  powers. Long arm statutes:  a court’s exercise of jurisdiction  over non resident defendants.    e. g., minimum contacts California statute Cal Code Civ Proc § 410.10  Venue:   the proper place to sue;  for the convenience of  the witnesses and the fair and efficient administration  of justice.   e.g. Tim McVeigh Oklahoma City bombing case was  changed to Denver to diminish the prejudice to the  defendant
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Jurisdiction Ch. 2 & 3- Court Systems, Jurisdiction, and Judicial, Alternative, and Online Dispute Resolution 6 Determining a court’s jurisdiction to resolve a  dispute is a multi-step process: Personal or property :  do the persons involved or the property 
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This note was uploaded on 10/19/2010 for the course BUAD 403 taught by Professor Fields during the Fall '07 term at USC.

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Chapter 2 and 3- Court Systems, Jurisdiction, and ADR -...

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