AsylumReport2009

AsylumReport2009 - Cover photo A 21-year old Somali outside...

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2 Asylum Levels and Trends in Industrialized Countries, 2009 Cover photo: A 21-year old Somali outside the hangar of Hal Far, Malta. UNHCR / M. EDSTRÖM
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Asylum Levels and Trends in Industrialized Countries, 2009 3 The EU Regulation on migration and international protection statistics In July 2007, the EU Regulation on migration and international protection statistics entered into force.* It requires EU Member States to provide the European Commission (Eurostat) with a standardized and comparable set of asylum data. This dataset includes all relevant statistics encompassing the asylum procedure (including: asylum claims, decisions, pending cases, sex and age-disaggregated asylum data). The Regulation, however, does not make it mandatory for Member States to differentiate new asylum claims from repeat or reopened applications in their statistical systems. Instead, it was left to the discretion of each Member State to report this type of statistics separately or not. In the more than two years since its implementation, a number of countries have started to differentiate in their statistics between new and repeat asylum applications. UNHCR hopes that other EU Member States will follow. If not, the number of individuals seeking international protection in the European Union will continue to be overstated. * Regulation (EC) No 862/2007 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 July 2007. I. Introduction 1 This report summarizes patterns and trends in the number of individual asylum claims submitted in Europe and selected non-European countries during 2009. The data in this report is based on information available as of 3 March 2010 unless otherwise indicated. It covers the 38 European and six non-European States that currently provide monthly asylum statistics to UNHCR and is mostly based on official asylum statistics, reflecting national laws and procedures. In addition, UNHCR conducted refugee status determination under its mandate in a number of countries included in this report. 2 Annex Table 2 provides trends in selected countries neighbouring Europe, based on annual data. The group of countries analysed in this report is collectively referred to as “ the 44 industrialized countries ” and has been defined as such for the purpose of this report only. The 44 countries are: 27 Member States of the European Union 3 , Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Montenegro, Norway, Serbia 4 , Switzerland, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, and Turkey, as well as Australia, Canada, Japan, New Zealand, the Republic of Korea and the United States of America. The group of 44 countries received an estimated 377,200 asylum applications in 2009. An asylum-seeker is an individual who has sought international protection and whose claim for refugee status has not yet been determined. It is important to note, however, that a person is a refugee if he/she fulfils the criteria set out in the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees . The formal recognition of someone through individual refugee status determination
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AsylumReport2009 - Cover photo A 21-year old Somali outside...

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