Convention and protocol, relating to the status of refges

Convention and protocol, relating to the status of refges -...

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Unformatted text preview: c o n v c o n v e n t i o n e n t i o n a n d p r o t o p r o t o c o l c o l r e l a t i n g t o t h e s t a t u s o f r e f u g e e s c o n v e n t i o n a n d p r o t o c o l Text of the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees Text of the 1967 Protocol Relating to the Status of Refugees Resolution 2198 (XXI) adopted by the United Nations General Assembly with an Introductory Note by the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees c o n v e n t i o n a n d p r o t o c o l c o n v e n t i o n a n d p r o t o c o l P ursuant to a decision of the General Assembly (1) , a United Nations Conference of Plenipotentiaries met at Geneva in 1951 to draft a Convention regulating the legal status of refugees. As a result of their delib- erations, the United Nations Convention relating to the Status of Refugees was adopted on 28 July 1951. Following the deposit of the sixth instrument of ratification it entered into force on 22 April 1954. The Convention consolidates previous international instruments relat- ing to refugees and provides the most comprehensive codification of the rights of refugees yet attempted on the international level. It lays down basic minimum standards for the treatment of refugees, without prejudice to the granting by States of more favorable treatment. The Convention is to be applied without discrimination as to race, religion or country of origin, and contains various safeguards against the expulsion of refugees. It also makes provision for their documentation, including a refugee travel document in passport form. Most States parties to the Convention issue this document. It has become as widely accepted as was the former Nansen passport. Certain provisions of the Convention are considered so fundamental that no reservations may be made to them. These include the definition of the term refugee, and the so-called principle of non-refoulement , i.e. that no Contracting State shall expel or return ( refouler ) a refugee, against his or her will, in any manner whatsoever, to a territory where he or she fears persecution. The Convention does not apply to those refugees who are the concern of United Nations agencies other than UNHCR, such as refugees from Pales- (1) UnitedNationsGeneralAssemblyresolution429(V)of14December1950.Forthe textofthisresolution,seeofficialrecordsoftheGeneralAssemblyFifthSession, SupplementNo.20[A/1775]),p.48. introductory note by the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) c o n v e n t i o n a n d p r o t o c o l tine who receive protection or assistance from the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA), nor to those refugees who have a status equivalent to nationals in their country of refuge....
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Convention and protocol, relating to the status of refges -...

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