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Past Simple vs PresPerfSimp

Past Simple vs PresPerfSimp - 4 Present Perfect Simple –...

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Comparing Past Simple and Present Perfect Simple Past Simple 1 - the finished past, a precise moment in the past - an isolated action in the past (indicated in the sentence, i.e.: last summer or in the context of the conversation) - no connection to now or to the future - Asks: When? ( When did you do it? ) Question: Did you go to Hawaii last summer ? Aff.Answer: I went to Hawaii last summer . Neg.Answer: I did not go to Hawaii last summer . 1 This grammar follows standardized English grammar rules. AmerE as opposed to BritE tends to use Past Simple more than Present Perfect Simple. Present Perfect Simple – 1 (general) - general (something that may happen during your life) - something that may have happened in the past and/or may happen in the future (- an imprecise time in the past) - Asks: What? ( What have you done?) Question: Have you gone to Hawaii? 2 Aff.Answer: I have gone to Hawaii. 3 Neg.Answer: I have not gone to Hawaii.
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Unformatted text preview: 4 Present Perfect Simple – 2 (until now) - used for an activity that began in the past and continues- Asks: How long? or How much? ( How long have you done it, until now?) Question: How long have you studied English? 5 Aff.Answer: I have studied English since 2004. Neg.Answer: I have not studied English. 6 Present Perfect Simple – 3 (recent past)- the recent past- something that has happened in the past but very recently John came to the party at 9:00. At 9:02, Mary says, “John has come.” 7 2 Have you gone to Hawaii ( until now in your life) ? 3 I have gone to Hawaii ( before and may go again) . 4 I have not gone to Hawaii ( before but I may in the future) . 5 How long have you studied English ( from the point you began until now) ? 6 I have not studied English ( before but I may in the future) . 7 John has just come. ( Just is often added for emphasis)...
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