Diagnoses and Treatment - D iagnoses and Treatment 1...

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Diagnoses and Treatment 1 Diagnoses and Treatment Christopher Ard Axia College of University of Phoenix
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Diagnoses and Treatment 2 Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) was once known as hyperactivity . The new name reflects the fact that children with the disorder typically lack the ability to focus their attention in the sustained way that other children do. Instead, they are easily distracted, often fidgety and impulsive, and almost constantly in motion. Many theorists believe that this disorder, which affects nearly 5 percent of all school-aged children and is much more common in boys than girls, is present at birth but becomes a serious problem only after the child starts school. The classroom setting demands that children sit quietly, pay attention as instructed, follow directions, and inhibit urges to yell and run around; the child with AD/HD simply cannot conform to these demands. Although, the causes of AD/HD are not fully understood, most theorists believe that biological factors such as anomalies in the central nervous system or heredity are important in its development. Consistent with this idea, researchers have identified small but significant differences in the structure and functioning of the brains of children with AD/HD (Filipek et al., 1997; Vaidya et al., 1998). Family interaction and other social experiences may be more important in preventing the disorder than in causing it. That is, some exceptionally competent parents as well as patient, tolerant teachers may be successful in teaching “difficult” children to conform their behavior to the rather stringent demands of schooling. Some psychologists train the parents of AD/HD children in management skills, but the most used treatment for these
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Diagnoses and Treatment - D iagnoses and Treatment 1...

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