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Unformatted text preview: itler’s true nature was
revealed, World War II was inevitable.
• The U.S. and the British Empire made an
uneasy pact with Stalin and the Communist
U.S.S.R. to defeat Nazi Germany and the
Axis powers (Italy and Japan).
• The freedom of the West was preserved
only by the intervention of the United States
and its allied nations. • WWII was a war over global dominance
• It was also an ideological war in which one
of the two challenges to the international
state system was eliminated
• The end of World War II set up the next
global conflict – The Cold War 27 28 The Role of the United States Europe Emulates the U.S. • What role has the United States played in
these great events? • Europe would increasingly come to
resemble the US, which was: – The United States was the world’s first modern
– The Americans were the world’s first modern
people. • Indeed, Europe was interested in Americans
even before the Thirteen Colonies gained
their independence. – A democratic, nationalist, and capitalist society
– With religious toleration and a social order that
was not based on inherited privilege. • Europeans, recognized that the US was
– Their attitude towards it depended on their
attitude towards modernity. 29 © 2010, Ted R. Bromund and Minh A. Luong, All Rights Reserved 30 5 Prof. Minh A. Luong
<Minh_Luong@brown.edu> The International State System
INTL1280/POLS 1410: Global Security After the Cold War
Brown University European Immigrants – The
Mortar of Europe-US bonds Emulation/Anti-Americanism
• For European liberals, the United States was a nation to be
• For millions of common people, the U.S. was the promised
• But anti-Americanism was almost as central a feature of
European thought in the nineteenth century as it is today.
– On the left, as som rose to prominence in Europe, the United
States was attacked as a capitalist power.
– But before World War II, the center of gravity for antiAmericanism lay on the right, which hated the United States
because it seemed to promise only the rule of a corrupt, uncultured,
rabidly nationalist, racially mongrel mob.
– For the right, even more than the left, the vision of modernity that
the United States offered was a nightmare. • The millions of European emigrants in the United
States formed a bond between the Old World and
• Whatever the politicians said, many Europeans
knew, from their relatives in the United States,
that it was a land in which the common person
could make a living.
• Most important of all, there was no clear
alternative to American modernity.
– Som and communism were even more destructive
of nations and the established social order, while
traditional conservative leaders admitted that the best
they could do was to delay the democratic tide. 31 32 Preventing World War III Re-Legitimizing Europe • The central concern of the day was not the
state of the American state, but the
condition of the European ones.
• By 1945, the only nation between the Urals
and the At...
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This note was uploaded on 10/17/2010 for the course INTL 0990 taught by Professor Li during the Spring '10 term at Brown.
- Spring '10