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Unformatted text preview: lantic that was not tainted by
and the Atlantic that was not tainted by
neutralism, collaboration, or defeat was
• In the United States and Britain, buoyed by
victory, the instincts of liberal nationalism
survived, and were embodied in the UN. • The United Nations was meant not to float
above the nation states, but to derive its
powers from and to be limited by them.
• But if the international order embodied in
the UN rested on the nation states, they
needed to provide a stable foundation.
• The compelling need was thus to reestablish
the legitimacy of the European states in the
aftermath of World War II. 33 34 Decline of Nationalism Collapse of Religion • In the 45 years after World War II, the European
states were indeed re-legitimated, but not by
• Western Europe did not simply abandon
nationalism: it survives today.
• But everywhere, nationalism lost its respectability.
• Instead of being seen as anti-national ideology that
deluded both German conservatives and Allied
liberals, Nazism was widely understood as a form
of German nationalism, an identification that
made national pride suspect everywhere. • While the legacy of World War II and the
process of European integration slowly but
steadily weakened nationalism in Europe,
religion in Europe collapsed suddenly.
• In the United States, organized religions had
long since adapted to consumer culture. 35 36 – Those that could not adapt, like the Quakers,
had been squeezed out.
– Rise of charismatic, mass-media oriented,
evangelical churches © 2010, Ted R. Bromund and Minh A. Luong, All Rights Reserved 6 Prof. Minh A. Luong
<Minh_Luong@brown.edu> The International State System
INTL1280/POLS 1410: Global Security After the Cold War
Brown University European Religion Collapses Security Via the Welfare State • In Europe, on the other hand, there was less
religious pluralism and less geographical mobility;
faiths won converts through church-affiliated
• In the 1950s and 1960s, the impact of American
consumerism on these organizations was
devastating: they could not adapt to a world in
which young people could find fellowship and
entertainment away from the church.
• As a result, organized religion in Europe is a
shadow of its former self; never to be revived. • In Europe, nationalism and religion fell into
disrepute or decay.
• The European state was re-legitimated not
by patriotism or faith, but by the welfare
• Like European integration, welfare had a
hard-headed logic: one of the results of the
Global Great Depression had been the rise
of the Fascists and Germany’s Nazis. 37 Global Security –
One Person at a Time 38 Decline of Imperial Empires • Preventing a repetition of WWII was worth
expanding the role of the state.
• But the post-war bargain in Western Europe was
far more comprehensive than in America. • The final fundamental change in the
international system in the post-1945 era
was the end of the overseas Eu...
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- Spring '10