But if the international order embodied in the un

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Unformatted text preview: lantic that was not tainted by and the Atlantic that was not tainted by neutralism, collaboration, or defeat was Great Britain. • In the United States and Britain, buoyed by victory, the instincts of liberal nationalism survived, and were embodied in the UN. • The United Nations was meant not to float above the nation states, but to derive its powers from and to be limited by them. • But if the international order embodied in the UN rested on the nation states, they needed to provide a stable foundation. • The compelling need was thus to reestablish the legitimacy of the European states in the aftermath of World War II. 33 34 Decline of Nationalism Collapse of Religion • In the 45 years after World War II, the European states were indeed re-legitimated, but not by nationalism. • Western Europe did not simply abandon nationalism: it survives today. • But everywhere, nationalism lost its respectability. • Instead of being seen as anti-national ideology that deluded both German conservatives and Allied liberals, Nazism was widely understood as a form of German nationalism, an identification that made national pride suspect everywhere. • While the legacy of World War II and the process of European integration slowly but steadily weakened nationalism in Europe, religion in Europe collapsed suddenly. • In the United States, organized religions had long since adapted to consumer culture. 35 36 – Those that could not adapt, like the Quakers, had been squeezed out. – Rise of charismatic, mass-media oriented, evangelical churches © 2010, Ted R. Bromund and Minh A. Luong, All Rights Reserved 6 Prof. Minh A. Luong <Minh_Luong@brown.edu> The International State System INTL1280/POLS 1410: Global Security After the Cold War Brown University European Religion Collapses Security Via the Welfare State • In Europe, on the other hand, there was less religious pluralism and less geographical mobility; faiths won converts through church-affiliated youth organizations. • In the 1950s and 1960s, the impact of American consumerism on these organizations was devastating: they could not adapt to a world in which young people could find fellowship and entertainment away from the church. • As a result, organized religion in Europe is a shadow of its former self; never to be revived. • In Europe, nationalism and religion fell into disrepute or decay. • The European state was re-legitimated not by patriotism or faith, but by the welfare state. • Like European integration, welfare had a hard-headed logic: one of the results of the Global Great Depression had been the rise of the Fascists and Germany’s Nazis. 37 Global Security – One Person at a Time 38 Decline of Imperial Empires • Preventing a repetition of WWII was worth expanding the role of the state. • But the post-war bargain in Western Europe was far more comprehensive than in America. • The final fundamental change in the international system in the post-1945 era was the end of the overseas Eu...
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