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Occupying the Land of the Two Holy Places
(1996) • The Communists wanted to
organize by class, and the Nazis
• Bin Laden wants to organize by
• This was what Europe rejected
in 1648, at the end of the Thirty
• The idea of organizing the
world by religion -- and, of
course, ultimately of converting
everyone else to your faith -- is
thus a very old one.
• It led to centuries of religious
warfare -- which is precisely
what Bin Laden declared in this
1996 statement. 57 Lack of a Common Vision:
Global Security’s Third Enemy 58 The Threat to Democracy • My argument today has been that while
nation states have done many evil things,
they have also made it possible for
democracy and human rights to flourish.
• Europe today is integrating in the name of
peace, of democracy, and of human rights.
• But in integrating, it is destroying the nation
state and destroying the foundations of the
virtues it claims to be defending. • This is dangerous both for Europe and for
the United States.
• Dangerous for Europe because it threatens
the future of democracy there.
• Dangerous for the United States for two
– It separates us from Europe, and
– It encourages us to talk about the international
system as they do, as something that would be
better off without nation states. 59 © 2010, Ted R. Bromund and Minh A. Luong, All Rights Reserved 60 10 Prof. Minh A. Luong
<[email protected]> The International State System
INTL1280/POLS 1410: Global Security After the Cold War
Brown University Any Hope from Asia? Cooperation Possible? • Many economies throughout Asia are still
developing, including the PRC
• “Asian Values” – focus on economic
development and self-sustenance – are
preferred over democracy
• Some help from Japan, Korea, and Taiwan
but little from other Asian nations
• This trend will continue for the foreseeable
future • The future of international cooperation is
mixed, at best.
• Will cooperation on global security issues
be determined by common interests rather
than ideology or a shared vision of rights
• What will happen if there is no international
consensus on how to deal with global
threats? 61 The Future of Global Security 62 Questions? • Multilateralism
• The future role of the United Nations to be
• The rise of unilateralism and Great Power
politics – new: Brazil, India, and the PRC
• Coalitions of the Willing (and able)
• Cooperation by strategic interests vs.
negotiated agreements and alliances
• Ideological and resource-based conflicts
63 © 2010, Ted R. Bromund and Minh A. Luong, All Rights Reserved 64 11...
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- Spring '10
- World War II, Minh A. Luong, Prof. Minh A. Luong, International State System, Ted R. Bromund