In the run up to the war against iraq many europeans

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Unformatted text preview: : – Der Brand (2002) best-seller on the British air campaign against Nazi Germany, illustrated the drift of European opinion. – Der Brand subtly equated of Churchill with Hitler, and Ch Hitl the British war against Nazi Germany with the Holocaust. – This implied that there was no such thing as a righteous war: if it was wrong to bomb Nazis, it was wrong to bomb anyone. – Skeptical about the value of nation states, – distrustful of war and nationalism, – supportive of a welfare at home and foreign aid abroad, and – largely dismissive of religion. • In the run-up to the war against Iraq, many Europeans demonstrated that they had taken this lesson to heart. 45 46 Europe Coming Back But Not Quite Yet… “[Europe] has a role to play in world ‘governance.’ . . . . [In Europe,] the rule of law has replaced the crude interplay of power. . . . Power politics have lost their influence. influence. . . . [By] making a success of [By] making success of integration we are demonstrating to the world that it is possible to create a method for peace.” Romano Prodi, President of the European Commission (2002) • Relations between the United States and Europe remained reasonably friendly before 9/11. • But throughout the 1990s, the United States resisted supranational institutions and efforts to limits its ability to defend itself while the limits its ability to defend itself, while the European Union welcomed both. • The decade-long crises in the former Yugoslavia and in Iraq further strained trans-Atlantic ties, with the US again arguing for a more assertive approach. 47 48 © 2010, Ted R. Bromund and Minh A. Luong, All Rights Reserved 8 Prof. Minh A. Luong <> The International State System INTL1280/POLS 1410: Global Security After the Cold War Brown University 1990s – System Falling Apart The Paradox of Colonialism • When the United States failed to lead, as in Rwanda or Afghanistan, the result was the collapse of state authority, often accompanied by genocide. • This was usually viewed as a humanitarian problem, and as one that required more foreign bl aid. • In reality, what was happening was that the basic unit of the international system, without which human rights could not be defended, was falling apart. • European belief is that ‘root causes’ of violence and genocide lay in poverty, instead of the weakness and failure of the state. • This belief revealed much about Europe’s perception of itself if less about the world perception of itself, if less about the world. • How can former European colonial powers who left behind a legacy of poverty account for the failure of their former colonies? – How can they afford to help given the crippling deficits caused by decades of welfare payments? 49 Anti-Americanism and Anti-Semitism 50 Europe’s Welfare State Collapsing • In the West, the United States and Israel are the most nationalist, the most religious, the ones with the most powerful and frequently used militaries, and, not coincidentally, the home of t...
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