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Unformatted text preview: : – Der Brand (2002) best-seller on the British air
campaign against Nazi Germany, illustrated the drift of
– Der Brand subtly equated of Churchill with Hitler, and
the British war against Nazi Germany with the
– This implied that there was no such thing as a righteous
war: if it was wrong to bomb Nazis, it was wrong to
bomb anyone. – Skeptical about the value of nation states,
– distrustful of war and nationalism,
– supportive of a welfare at home and foreign aid
– largely dismissive of religion. • In the run-up to the war against Iraq, many
Europeans demonstrated that they had taken this
lesson to heart.
45 46 Europe Coming Back But Not Quite Yet… “[Europe] has a role to play in world
‘governance.’ . . . . [In Europe,] the rule of
law has replaced the crude interplay of
power. . . . Power politics have lost their
influence. . . . [By] making a success of
[By] making success of
integration we are demonstrating to the
world that it is possible to create a method
Romano Prodi, President of the
European Commission (2002) • Relations between the United States and Europe
remained reasonably friendly before 9/11.
• But throughout the 1990s, the United States
resisted supranational institutions and efforts to
limits its ability to defend itself while the
limits its ability to defend itself, while the
European Union welcomed both.
• The decade-long crises in the former Yugoslavia
and in Iraq further strained trans-Atlantic ties, with
the US again arguing for a more assertive
approach. 47 48 © 2010, Ted R. Bromund and Minh A. Luong, All Rights Reserved 8 Prof. Minh A. Luong
<Minh_Luong@brown.edu> The International State System
INTL1280/POLS 1410: Global Security After the Cold War
Brown University 1990s – System Falling Apart The Paradox of Colonialism • When the United States failed to lead, as in
Rwanda or Afghanistan, the result was the
collapse of state authority, often accompanied by
• This was usually viewed as a humanitarian
problem, and as one that required more foreign
• In reality, what was happening was that the basic
unit of the international system, without which
human rights could not be defended, was falling
apart. • European belief is that ‘root causes’ of violence
and genocide lay in poverty, instead of the
weakness and failure of the state.
• This belief revealed much about Europe’s
perception of itself if less about the world
perception of itself, if less about the world.
• How can former European colonial powers who
left behind a legacy of poverty account for the
failure of their former colonies?
– How can they afford to help given the crippling deficits
caused by decades of welfare payments? 49 Anti-Americanism
and Anti-Semitism 50 Europe’s Welfare State Collapsing • In the West, the United States and Israel are
the most nationalist, the most religious, the
ones with the most powerful and frequently
used militaries, and, not coincidentally, the
home of t...
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- Spring '10