With the proletariat however these demands are

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Unformatted text preview: nation but by class. • As such it was first great rival to the international state system since 1648. “The bourgeoisie always places its national demands in the forefront, and does so in categorical fashion. With the proletariat, however, these demands are subordinated to the interests of the class struggle.” V.I. Lenin, The Right of Nations to SelfDetermination (1914) (1870-1924) 19 20 Lenin’s Argument The Fascist-Nazi Challenge • Nations are not the right way to order the world. • The interests of the working class, the proletariat, cross all national borders. • The world should be world should be organized not into nations, but into classes, with the proletariat ultimately sweeping the other classes away. • If this did not actually wipe out national boundaries, it would render them meaningless. • The second great enemy to the international state system in the modern era was Fascism, exemplified by Nazism, which also rose to power after the First World War. • Nazism sought to organize not by nation, or by class, but by race. 21 22 Adolph Hitler (1889-1945) Hitler’s Argument “The State is only a means to an end. Its end and its purpose is to . . . preserve the existence of the race, thereby providing the indispensable condition for the free development of all the forces dormant in this race. . . . We National Sots, who are fighting for a new philosophy of life must never take our stand on the famous 'basis of facts', 'b and especially not on mistaken facts. . . . The State is only the vessel and the race is what it contains. The vessel can have a meaning only if it preserves and safeguards the contents. Otherwise it is worthless.” Adolf Hitler, Mein Kampf, vol. 2 (1926) • Nations are not the right way to order the world. • The nation state is only a means to an end. • Hitler saw democracy as a destabilizing force, because it placed power in the hands of ethnic minorities, who he claimed "weakened and destabilized" the Empire, by dividing it against itself. 23 © 2010, Ted R. Bromund and Minh A. Luong, All Rights Reserved 24 4 Prof. Minh A. Luong <[email protected]> The International State System INTL1280/POLS 1410: Global Security After the Cold War Brown University Comparisons of Communism and Fascism/Nazism An Appealing Message, Delivered Compellingly • For Lenin, the end was the victory of the working class. • For Hitler, the end was the victory of the Aryan race. • For both Lenin and Hitler, loyalty to the nation state was false loyalty. • Both Communism and Nazism were antinational religions. • Both the Communists and, especially, Adolf Hitler were also skilled at speaking the language of liberal nationalism. • In the inter-war years, Communism was a real and potent force throughout Europe. • Vladimir I. Lenin, The Right of Nations to Self-Determination (1914) • In the 1930s, Hitler’s rhetoric about selfdetermination for the German people lent a sheen of morality to appeasement. 26 25 World War II WWII and Global Security • By the time H...
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This note was uploaded on 10/17/2010 for the course INTL 0990 taught by Professor Li during the Spring '10 term at Brown.

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