Slides 4 - Global Security After the Cold War 2010 Content...

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Global Security After the Cold War 2010 – Content by Tom Parker Minh A. Luong Political Science Department 1 1 2 Defining terrorism A short history Causes and objectives Classic modus operandi Mass casualty attacks The greatest threat? 3 LEAGUE OF &ATIO&S “All criminal acts directed against a State and intended or calculated to create a state of terror in the minds of particular persons or a group of persons or the general public.”
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Global Security After the Cold War 2010 – Content by Tom Parker Minh A. Luong Political Science Department 2 4 COMPETI&G I&STITUTIO&AL “Terrorism is the unlawful use of force or violence against persons or property to intimidate or coerce a government, the civilian population, or any segment thereof, in furtherance of political or social objectives.” -- FBI Definition “Terrorism is premeditated, politically motivated violence perpetrated by sub national groups against civilians.” -- CIA Definition 5 Terrorism is an anxiety-inspiring method of repeated violent action, employed by (semi-) clandestine individual group or state actors, for idiosyncratic, criminal or political reasons, whereby - in contrast to assassination - the direct targets of violence are not the main targets. The immediate human targets of violence are generally chosen randomly (targets of opportunity) or selectively (representative or symbolic targets) from a target population, and serve as message generators. Threat - and violence - based communication processes between terrorists (organization), (imperiled) victims, and main targets are used to manipulate the main target (audience(s)), turning it into a target of terror, a target of demands, or a target of attention, depending on whether intimidation, coercion, or propaganda is primarily sought. -- A. P. Schmid and A. J. Jongman, Political Terrorism (1988) 6 “The man with a big bomb is a statesman, while the man with a small bomb is a terrorist”
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Global Security After the Cold War 2010 – Content by Tom Parker Minh A. Luong Political Science Department 3 7 “The difference between the revolutionary and the terrorist lies in the reason for which each fights” 8 • Sympathy for a cause (National Liberation) • Thresholds of violence (Criminal Act) • Political sensitivities (Cold War/Balancing) • State use of force (Covert Operations) 9 I&TER&ATIO&AL LEGAL • 12 (13) UN Terrorism Conventions • Security Council Resolution 1373 • Security Council Resolution 1566 • Regional Conventions
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Global Security After the Cold War 2010 – Content by Tom Parker Minh A. Luong Political Science Department 4 10 SCR 1566 (2004) “[The Security Council acting under Chapter VII of the Charter of the United Nations] recalls that criminal acts… which constitute offences within the scope of and as defined
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This note was uploaded on 10/17/2010 for the course INTL 0990 taught by Professor Li during the Spring '10 term at Brown.

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Slides 4 - Global Security After the Cold War 2010 Content...

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