applied cryptography - protocols, algorithms, and source code in c

2 to embed another secret key into his piece this way

Info icon This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: ncies, XORs them together, decrypts the session key, and then uses the session key to decrypt the message traffic. There are more complications to make this scheme work in the face of cheaters; see Section 24.16 for details. The same thing can be done in software, using public-key cryptography [77, 1579, 1580, 1581]. Micali calls his idea fair cryptosystems [1084, 1085]. (The U.S. government reportedly paid Micali $1, 000, 000 for the use of his patents [1086, 1087] in their Escrowed Encryption Standard; Banker’s Trust then bought Micali’s patent.) In these cryptosystems, the private key is broken up into pieces and distributed to different authorities. Like a secret sharing scheme, the authorities can get together and reconstruct the private key. However, the pieces have the additional property that they can be individually verified to be correct, without reconstructing the private key. Alice can create her own private key and give a piece to each of n trustees. None of these trustees can recover Alice’s private key. However, each trustee can verify that his piece is a valid piece of the private key; Alice cannot send one of the trustees a random-bit string and hope to get away with it. If the courts authorize a wiretap, the relevant law enforcement authorities can serve a court order on the n trustees to surrender their pieces. With all n pieces, the authorities reconstruct the private key and can wiretap Alice’s communications lines. On the other hand, Mallory has to corrupt all n trustees in order to be able to reconstruct Alice’s key and violate her privacy. Here’s how the protocol works: (1) Alice creates her private-key/public-key key pair. She splits the private key into several public pieces and private pieces. (2) Alice sends a public piece and corresponding private piece to each of the trustees. These messages must be encrypted. She also sends the public key to the KDC. (3) Each trustee, independently, performs a calculation on its public piece and its private piece to confirm that they are cor...
View Full Document

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern