applied cryptography - protocols, algorithms, and source code in c

52 n 3 july 1979 pp 447460 automobile accident deaths

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Unformatted text preview: r 1 in 9 billion (233) 1 in 4,000,000 (222) 1 in 255 1 in 59,000 (216) 1 in 6100 (213) 1 in 88 (27) 14,000 (214) years 109 (230) years 109 (230) years 1010 (234) years 1051 (2170) 1057 (2190) 1067 (2223) 1077 (2265) 1084 (2280) cm3 If the Universe is Closed: Total lifetime of the Universe If the Universe is Open: Time until low-mass stars cool off Time until planets detach from stars Time until stars detach from galaxies Time until orbits decay by gravitational radiation Time until black holes decay by the Hawking process Time until all matter is liquid at zero temperature Time until all matter decays to iron Time until all matter collapses to black holes 1011 (237) years 1018 (261) seconds 1014 (247) years 1015 (250) years 1019 (264) years 1020 (267) years 1064 (2213) years 1065 (2216) years 101026 years 101076 years Dyson’s paper, “Time Without End: Physics and Biology in an Open Universe,” in Reviews of Modern Physics, v. 52, n. 3, July 1979, pp. 447–460. Automobile accident deaths are calculated from the Department of Transportation’s statistic of 163 deaths per million people in 1993 and an average lifespan of 69.7 years. Previous Table of Contents Next Products | Contact Us | About Us | Privacy | Ad Info | Home Use of this site is subject to certain Terms & Conditions, Copyright © 1996-2000 EarthWeb Inc. All rights reserved. Reproduction whole or in part in any form or medium without express written permission of EarthWeb is prohibited. Read EarthWeb's privacy statement. To access the contents, click the chapter and section titles. Applied Cryptography, Second Edition: Protocols, Algorthms, and Source Code in C (cloth) Go! Keyword Brief Full Advanced Search Search Tips (Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.) Author(s): Bruce Schneier ISBN: 0471128457 Publication Date: 01/01/96 Search this book: Go! Previous Table of Contents Next ----------- Part I Cryptographic protocols Chapter 2 Protocol Building Blocks 2.1 Introduction to Protocols The whole point of cryptog...
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