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Unformatted text preview: domness can be found in [863,99]. Maurer showed that all these tests can be derived from trying to compress the sequence [1031,1032]. If you can compress a random sequence, then it is not truly random. Anyhow, what we have here is a whole lot of black magic. The primary point is to generate a sequence of bits that your adversary is unlikely to guess. It doesn’t sound like much, but it’s harder than you think. I can’t prove that any of these techniques generates random bits. These techniques produce a sequence of bits that cannot be easily reproduced. For some details, see [1375,1376,511]. RAND Tables
Back in 1955, when computers were still new, the Rand Corporation published a book that contained a million random digits . Their method is described in the book: The random digits in the book were produced by rerandomization of a basic table generated by an electronic roulette wheel. Briefly, a random frequency pulse source, providing on the average about 100,000 pulses per second, was gated about once per second by a constant frequency pulse. Pulse standardization circuits passed the pulses through a 5-place binary counter. In principle the machine was a 32-place roulette wheel which made, on the average, about 3000 revolutions per trial and produced one number per second. A binary-to-decimal converter was used which converted 20 of the 32 numbers (the other twelve were discarded) and retained only the final digit of two-digit numbers; this final digit was fed into an IBM punch to produce finally a punched card table of random digits. Previous Table of Contents Next Products | Contact Us | About Us | Privacy | Ad Info | Home Use of this site is subject to certain Terms & Conditions, Copyright © 1996-2000 EarthWeb Inc. All rights reserved. Reproduction whole or in part in any form or medium without express written permission of EarthWeb is prohibited. Read EarthWeb's privacy statement. To access the contents, click the chapter and section titles. Applied Cryptography, Second Edition: Protoco...
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