Unformatted text preview: vives this screening, it is examined to find the sequence of roads that it represents: This is the solution to the directed Hamiltonian path problem. By definition, an instance of any NP-complete problem can be transformed, in polynomial time, into an instance of any other NP-complete problem, and therefore into an instance of the directed Hamiltonian path problem. Since the 1970s, cryptologists have been trying to use NP-complete problems for public-key cryptography. While the instance that Adleman solved was very modest (seven cities on his map, a problem that can be solved by inspection in a few minutes), the technique is in its infancy and has no forbidding obstacles keeping it from being extended to larger problems. Thus, arguments about the security of cryptographic protocols based on NP-complete problems, arguments that heretofore have begun, “Suppose an adversary has a million processors, each of which can perform a million tests each second,” may soon have to be replaced with, “Suppose an adversary has a thousand fermentation vats, each 20,000 liters in capacity.” Previous Table of Contents Next Products | Contact Us | About Us | Privacy | Ad Info | Home Use of this site is subject to certain Terms & Conditions, Copyright © 1996-2000 EarthWeb Inc. All rights reserved. Reproduction whole or in part in any form or medium without express written permission of EarthWeb is prohibited. Read EarthWeb's privacy statement. To access the contents, click the chapter and section titles. Applied Cryptography, Second Edition: Protocols, Algorthms, and Source Code in C (cloth)
Brief Full Advanced Search Search Tips (Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.) Author(s): Bruce Schneier ISBN: 0471128457 Publication Date: 01/01/96 Search this book:
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----------- Quantum Computing
Now, it gets even weirder. The underlying principle behind quantum computing involves Einstein’s wave-particle duality. A photon can simultaneously exist in a large number of states. A classic example is that a photon behaves like a wave when it...
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