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Unformatted text preview: onvince him that it came from Alice. Trent can be convinced that the message came from either Alice or Bob (since no one else shared their secret key), but he has no way of knowing which one. If the message is unencrypted, Alice could also use a MAC. This also convinces Bob that the message is authentic, but has the same problems as symmetric cryptography solutions. Previous Table of Contents Next Products | Contact Us | About Us | Privacy | Ad Info | Home Use of this site is subject to certain Terms & Conditions, Copyright © 1996-2000 EarthWeb Inc. All rights reserved. Reproduction whole or in part in any form or medium without express written permission of EarthWeb is prohibited. Read EarthWeb's privacy statement. To access the contents, click the chapter and section titles. Applied Cryptography, Second Edition: Protocols, Algorthms, and Source Code in C (cloth)
Brief Full Advanced Search Search Tips (Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.) Author(s): Bruce Schneier ISBN: 0471128457 Publication Date: 01/01/96 Search this book:
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----------- 3.3 Authentication and Key Exchange
These protocols combine authentication with key exchange to solve a general computer problem: Alice and Bob are on opposite ends of a network and want to talk securely. How can Alice and Bob exchange a secret key and at the same time each be sure that he or she is talking to the other and not to Mallory? Most of the protocols assume that Trent shares a different secret key with each participant, and that all of these keys are in place before the protocol begins. The symbols used in these protocols are summarized in Table 3.1. Wide-Mouth Frog
The Wide-Mouth Frog protocol [283,284] is probably the simplest symmetric key-management protocol that uses a trusted server. Both Alice and Bob share a secret key with Trent. The keys are just used for key distribution and not to encrypt any actual messages between users. Just by using two messages, Alice transfers a session key to Bob: TABLE 3.1 Symbols used in...
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