Unformatted text preview: pplication-level protocol for securing electronic mail. MSP will be used for signing and encrypting messages in the Department of Defense’s planned Defense Message System (DMS) network. The Preliminary Message Security Protocol (PMSP), to be used for “unclassified but sensitive” messages, is a version of MSP adapted for use with both X.400 and TCP/IP. This protocol is also called Mosaic. Like PEM, MSP and PMSP software applications are flexible and designed to accommodate a variety of algorithms for security functions including signing, hashing, and encryption. PSMP will work with the Capstone chip (see Section 24.17). 24.12 Pretty Good Privacy (PGP)
Pretty Good Privacy (PGP) is a freeware electronic-mail security program, originally designed by Philip Zimmermann . It uses IDEA for data encryption, RSA (with keys up to 2047 bits) for key management and digital signatures, and MD5 as a one-way hash function. PGP’s random public keys use a probabilistic primality tester, and get their initial seeds from measuring the user’s keyboard latency while typing. PGP generates random IDEA keys using the method delineated in ANSI X9.17, Appendix C (see Section 8.1) , with IDEA as the symmetric algorithm instead of DES. PGP also encrypts the user’s private key using a hashed pass phrase instead of a password. PGP-encrypted messages have layered security. The only thing a cryptanalyst can learn about an encrypted message is who the recipient is, assuming he knows the recipient’s key ID. Only after the recipient decrypts the message does he learn who signed the message, if it is signed. Contrast this approach with PEM, which leaves quite a bit of information about the sender, recipient, and message in the unencrypted header. The most interesting aspect of PGP is its distributed approach to key management (see Section 8.12). There are no key certification authorities; PGP instead supports a “web of trust.” Every user generates and distributes his own public key. Users sign eac...
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- Fall '10
- Cryptography, Bruce Schneier, Applied Cryptography, EarthWeb, Search Search Tips