applied cryptography - protocols, algorithms, and source code in c

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Unformatted text preview: with enough intelligence built in so that “dress” became “dresses,” “house” became “houses,” and “daisy” became “daisies.” Klein did not consider pluralization rules exclusively, though, so that “datum” forgivably became “datums” (not “data”), while “sphynx” became “sphynxs” (and not “sphynges”). Similarly, the suffixes “-ed,” “-er,” and “-ing” were added to transform words like “phase” into “phased,” “phaser,” and “phasing.” These additional tests added another 1,000,000 words to the list of possible passwords that were tested for each user. 4. Various capitalization variations on the words from step 2 that were not considered in step 3. This included all single-letter capitalization variations (so that “michael” would also be checked as “mIchael,” “miChael,” “micHael,” “michAel,” etc.), double-letter capitalization variations (“MIchael,” “MiChael,” “MicHael,”..., “mIChael,” “mIcHael,” etc.), triple-letter variations, etc. The single-letter variations added roughly another 400,000 words to be checked per user, while the double-letter variations added another 1,500,000 words. Three-letter variations would have added at least another 3,000,000 words per user had there been enough time to complete the tests. Tests of four-, five-, and six-letter variations were deemed to be impracticable without much more computational horsepower to carry them out. 5. Foreign language words on foreign users. The specific test that was performed was to try Chinese language passwords on users with Chinese names. The Pinyin Romanization of Chinese syllables was used, combining syllables together into one-, two-, and three-syllable words. Because no tests were done to determine whether the words actually made sense, an exhaustive search was initiated. Since there are 298 Chinese syllables in the Pinyin system, there are 158,404 two-syllable words, and slightly more than 16,000,000...
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