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applied cryptography - protocols, algorithms, and source code in c

To prevent against mallorys substituting one key for

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Unformatted text preview: se and gets Bob’s public key. But Mallory, who is sneaky, has substituted his own key for Bob’s. (If Alice asks Bob directly, Mallory has to intercept Bob’s transmission and substitute his key for Bob’s.) Alice encrypts her message in Mallory’s key and sends it to Bob. Mallory intercepts the message, decrypts it, and reads it. He re-encrypts it with Bob’s real key and sends it on to Bob. Neither Alice nor Bob is the wiser. Previous Table of Contents Next Products | Contact Us | About Us | Privacy | Ad Info | Home Use of this site is subject to certain Terms & Conditions, Copyright © 1996-2000 EarthWeb Inc. All rights reserved. Reproduction whole or in part in any form or medium without express written permission of EarthWeb is prohibited. Read EarthWeb's privacy statement. To access the contents, click the chapter and section titles. Applied Cryptography, Second Edition: Protocols, Algorthms, and Source Code in C (cloth) Go! Keyword Brief Full Advanced Search Search Tips (Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.) Author(s): Bruce Schneier ISBN: 0471128457 Publication Date: 01/01/96 Search this book: Go! Previous Table of Contents Next ----------- Public-key Certificates A public-key certificate is someone’s public key, signed by a trustworthy person. Certificates are used to thwart attempts to substitute one key for another [879]. Bob’s certificate, in the public-key database, contains a lot more than his public key. It contains information about Bob—his name, address, and so on—and it is signed by someone Alice trusts: Trent (usually known as a certification authority, or CA). By signing both the key and the information about Bob, Trent certifies that the information about Bob is correct and that the public key belongs to Bob. Alice checks Trent’s signature and then uses the public key, secure in the knowledge that it is Bob’s and no one else’s. Certificates play an important role in a number of public-key protocols such as PEM [825] (see Section 24.10) and X.509 [304] (see Secti...
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