Breeds%20of%20Sheep

Breeds%20of%20Sheep - Breeds of Sheep Characteristics and...

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D. E. Eversole A. MEAT BREEDS Breed and Origin Characteristics Desirable and Undesirable Traits Common to Breed 1. Dorset England White face with wool on legs Fiber diameter: 27-33 μm Medium wool STRONG POINTS : Long breeding season, prolific, heavy milkers, and good mothers. Well muscled carcass. Rams aggressive and fertile in hot weather. Sound, hard foot. Especially suited to “Easter lamb” production or fat lambs at 90# off grass and mother’s milk. Crossed with fine-wool breeds to produce a female that tends to breed out-of-season. COMMON FAULTS : Light shearing, lack scale, and some pendulous udders. Horns delayed their popularity. To remove horns, some crossbreeding occurred which results in the loss of some of their desirable strong points. Become too fat at heavier market weights. 2. Hampshire England Black faces and legs Fiber diameter: 25-33 μm Medium wool STRONG POINTS : Rapid growing lambs, muscular. Ewes are prolific and good milkers. Chief competitor to the Suffolk as a terminal sire of market lambs. COMMON FAULTS : Black fiber and 7-8# fleeces. Difficult parturition at times due to fat ewes giving birth to rugged-boned, coarse headed lambs. Some problems with wool blindness. Lost popularity in Western commercial flocks because rams were not as active as rams of other competitive breeds. 3. Suffolk Many range rams not registered. England Black faces and legs Fiber diameter: 26-33 μm Medium wool STRONG POINTS : Rapid growth and muscling. Largest-sized breed used widely as a terminal sire in market lamb production. Ewes are prolific, excellent milkers, easy lambers, and good mothers. In farm states, many producers save ½ Suffolk ewe for replacements. Lambs vigorous at birth, make efficient use of feed, and are trimly finished at heavy market weights. No wool blindness. COMMON FAULTS : Lightweight, short-stapled fleece with black fiber. Can be short-lived in harsh environments. Large size requires ample feed. Too many have abscesses of Caseous Lymphadenitis. Occurrence of Spider Syndrome. Also one of the breeds in which scrapie is a problem. Some criticize their temperament, but this is mostly due to the person raising them. Commercial breeders should not save replacements that are more than ½ Suffolk. 4. Cheviot England Polled with white hair on head Black nostrils, lips, and hoofs Fiber diameter: 26-33 μm Medium wool STRONG POINTS : Hardy, moderately prolific, easy lambers, good milkers, and produce an excellent carcass at light weights. Best adapted to northern climates. COMMON FAULTS : Too small. Slow growth and finish at light weight. Lightweight fleece. Have been a hobby sheep.
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This note was uploaded on 10/18/2010 for the course APSC 4414 at Virginia Tech.

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Breeds%20of%20Sheep - Breeds of Sheep Characteristics and...

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