PAPER 5 12_11_07 FINAL

PAPER 5 12_11_07 FINAL - Lorberg, Michael Lorberg Mr. Jehle...

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Lorberg, Michael Lorberg Mr. Jehle Expository Writing 101 December 10, 2007 “Morality: Necessity or Burden?” Scientific research has never existed without the interference of moralistic parties with crusader agendas. The only variance has been the extent of the influence morals have had on research. In the essay, “What Does the Dreaded “E” Word Mean Anyway?”, author Stephen Jay Gould discusses the meaning and evolution of the word “evolution”, how the definition has changed over time, and how the word's application varies depending on the context. “The Ape and the Sushi Master”, by Franz de Waal, discusses the evolutionary innate capabilities for altruism in men and animals alike, as well as questions the origins of human goodness. Morals should have influence on scientific research if they are integral part of said research. Values should have no influence on scientific research if any particular set of scientific conclusions are diminished by a more accepted set. Finally, morals should not influence the conduct of scientific research when they impede the betterment of mankind. Morality, if a critical part of scientific study, should be involved in scientific research. This is best demonstrated with the study of evolution and morality. de Waal does not view the issues of evolution and morality separately, as demonstrated here, “The mother dog who raises tiger cubs is at once extraordinarily generous and doing what her genes, based on millions of years of self service, nudge her to do” (de Waal 692) and here, “Rather than being nicer than is good for our genes, we may just be nice enough. Thus, the child is not going against its own 1
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Lorberg, nature by developing a caring, moral attitude, and civil society is not like an out of control garden subdued by a sweating gardener. We are merely following evolved tendencies” (de Waal 702). Gould, on the other hand, does view the issue of evolution and morality separately. His general definition for Darwin’s theory of natural selection is a “biological change through time” (Gould 200). Hence, given that morality is certainly no biological theme, natural selection must then have little to nothing to do with the development (evolution?) of morality. Concerning morality, Gould also said: I must leave the issue of liberation for another time, but once we recognize that
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This note was uploaded on 04/03/2008 for the course EXPOS 101 taught by Professor Frank during the Fall '07 term at Rutgers.

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PAPER 5 12_11_07 FINAL - Lorberg, Michael Lorberg Mr. Jehle...

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