Effects of Punishment and Sentencing

Effects of Punishment and Sentencing - Running head EFFECTS...

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Running head: EFFECTS OF PUNISHMENT AND SENTENCING 1 Effects of Punishment and Sentencing Stephenie Hyatt CJS/200 October 10, 2010 Monty Mathis
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EFFECTS OF PUNISHMENT AND SENTENCING 2 Effects of Punishment and Sentencing Punishment and Sentencing is the last process a criminal goes through after the trial. For a judge to apply punishment for the person/persons found guilty certain question would have to be answered such as is this the first offense, or are there other criminal activities in their file? Will this person be safe if put back into society? These questions and more are important when making the decision of what the sentence should be. Philosophies surrounding the purpose of sentencing are retribution, deterrence, incapacitation, and rehabilitation these are considered the four basic philosophical reasons for sentencing. Retribution is the oldest and most often used form of justification when punishing a criminal once found guilty. The person is punished by the severity of the crime, such as a shoplifter will not receive life in prison that would be more of a punishment then that person deserves. Retribution considers the need for society as a whole not what the victim needs. (2006, p 257) Deterrence is when a criminal is punished and sentenced severely enough it will send a message to others that this criminal act will not be tolerated in society, and will keep other criminals from committing crimes. There are two forms to this one is general deterrence is if someone is punished harsh enough it will prevent other crimes from happening. Specific deterrence believes if a person is punished harshly enough then that
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