Reactions in Aqueous Solutions

Reactions in Aqueous Solutions - o Acids + insoluble...

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Reactions in Aqueous Solutions Double displacement/double replacement/metathesis reactions o In general, we are going to “swap” ions in solution. s AX + BY b AY + BX o Precipitation reactions and acid-base (neutralization) reactions o Looking for the formation of an insoluble solid, insoluble gas, water or weak electrolyte o Examples: NaCl (aq) + AgNO 3 (aq) b AgCl (s) + NaNO 3 (aq) HBr (aq) + KOH (aq) b KBr (aq) + H 2 O (l) Neutralization reactions o Strong acid/strong base s Form a salt and water o Strong acid/weak base or strong base/waek acid s Remember to write the weak species in its molecular form s Product depends on reactants o Weak acid/weak base s Forms a strong electrolyte
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Unformatted text preview: o Acids + insoluble hydroxides or insoluble oxides s Forms a salt and water s Remember to write the insoluble species in molecular form Reactions with acids involving gas formation o Sulfides react with acids to form a salt and H 2 S (g) o Cyanides react with acids to form a salt and HCN (g) o Carbonates/bicarbonates react with acids to form a salt, CO 2 (g) and H 2 O (l) o Sulfites/bisulfites react with acids to form SO 2 (g) Miscellaneous o Nonmetal oxides ( acidic anhydrides ) react with water to form acids o Metal oxides ( basic anhydrides ) react with water to form bases o Bases + ammonium salts b a salt + NH 3 (g) + H 2 O (l)...
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