bio 102 exam 1

bio 102 exam 1 - 1 BIOLOGY 101 AND 102 FIRST LECTURE EXAM,...

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BIOLOGY 101 AND 102 FIRST LECTURE EXAM, FALL 2008 KEY – answers underlined in bold face 1. Which of the following best describes the process of doing science? a. A hypothesis leads to a theory that may lead to a question. b. A test leads to an observation that leads to a theory. c. An observation leads to a hypothesis that may lead to a theory. d. A hypothesis leads to a question that leads to a theory. e. A theory leads to a question that leads to a test. 2. Which of the following best describes the scientific definition of the word theory? a. A question about something in the natural world. b. An unsupported hypothesis. c. A‘best guess’ answer to a question. d. An explanation based on personal beliefs. e. A tried and tested hypothesis. 3. Which of the following best describes Paley’s’s ideas about living things? a. Living things change over time due to natural selection. b. The complexity of living things requires a Creator. c. Traits acquired during an individual’s lifetime can be inherited. d. All living things require two names, e.g., Homo sapiens for humans. 4. Which of the following provides a biological explanation for similarities and differences in the front limbs of frogs, turtles, bats, horses and dolphins? a. Some kind of ‘argument from design.’ b. Special creation. c. Inheritance of acquired characters. d. Descent with modification. e. Anticipation of future need. 5. Which of the following observations and deductions are included in the Darwinian theory of evolution by natural selection? a. Resources are often limited. b. Individuals in populations are not all the same. c. Offspring tend to resemble their parents. d. There is a ‘struggle’ among individuals to survive and breed. e. All of the above. 1
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6. What is meant by the term ‘survival of the fittest’ (a term that Darwin never used)? a. Only the strongest individuals survive and reproduce. b. Only the fastest individuals survive and reproduce. c. Only those individuals best adapted to current conditions survive and reproduce. d. ‘Inheritance units’ come in pairs. 7. Evolutionary changes in numbers of light versus dark forms of the peppered moth are best explained by: a. Random chance. b. Differences in their ability to find food. c. Differences in their ability to find mates. d. Differences in their ability to escape predators. e. Their inability to breed with one another. 8. Who was Gregor Mendel? a. A pastor who developed the ‘argument from design.’ b. The co-discoverer of natural selection. c. He co-discovered the structure of DNA. d. The father of modern genetics. e. A Swedish biologist who classified living things. 9. Using standard genetic notation, which of the following represents a homozygous genotype? a.
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This note was uploaded on 10/19/2010 for the course BIO 1243 taught by Professor Kerry during the Spring '10 term at E. Washington.

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bio 102 exam 1 - 1 BIOLOGY 101 AND 102 FIRST LECTURE EXAM,...

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