Study Guide for Test 2

Study Guide for Test 2 - Module 21 o o o o o o What is the...

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Module 21 o What is the definition of learning. o What is thought to be the most important cause of learning o Who is/are credited with being the most closely affiliated with classical conditioning o In classical conditioning, does the learner have control – explain. o o Acquisition is: According to a strict view of classical conditioning is strongly, what most strongly affects acquisition? o What will happen is you stop pairing the CS with the US? Name the term and give an example. o What phenomenon will occur after a period of extinction? Name the term and give an example o What does this phenomenon tell us about extinction o What are generalization and discrimination o What (different) conditions will lead to generalization and discrimination o Can classical conditioning be applied to human learning? How? o Give an example of a cognitive process that limits the strict interpretation that any behavior can be conditioned o Give an example of a biological constraint to conditioning Module 22 o How is operant conditioning different from classical conditioning (think in terms of respondent and operant behaviors) o What is Thorndikes law of effect? o What is the process of rewarding responses that are ever closer to the final desired behavior (successive approximations), to teach complex behaviors o What is reinforcement – what is its purpose? What are the two types of reinforcers – give examples What are the different types of reinforcement schedules – define each (there are basically 4) o What is punishment, describe its purpose o How might motivation influence operant conditioning o Describe latent learning Module 23 o How do we learn without direct experience? o What are mirror neurons and how might they be related to observational learning o Generally describe Bandura’s experiments and outcome
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o Does observational learning cause violent/aggressive behavior – why/why not? o Can observational learning be positive – how? Module 24 o Define memory o Describe 3 stages of memory o Compare Atkinson-Shiffrin 3 stage model to Baddeley’s working memory model o What is a flashbulb memory What is an example? Are they free from error? Module 25 o What is encoding? Describe two ways encoding can occur. Give an example of how processing can begin effortful and become autonomic
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Study Guide for Test 2 - Module 21 o o o o o o What is the...

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