Exam 1 Study Guide

Exam 1 Study Guide - PSY 111 Exam 1 Study Questions Some...

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PSY 111 Exam 1 Study Questions Some tips for studying for the exam: Actively work at understanding the material in the lecture notes. Those are written in my words, not yours, and you will need to translate them into your words if you really want to understand the material. If you need help understanding something, ask me for clarification. Good luck! Development 1. What are the key characteristics of science? Non-dogmatic, skeptical, empirical, falsifiable, cumulative 2. Describe and understand the 4 major underlying themes of psychology. - Cumulative nature of science - Involves synthesis and has historical foundations. Involves ancient concepts of the mind. Based on thousands of years of research and discovery. Our current research is because of the past. -Biological Revolution - Brain chemistry – our understanding of the neurotransmission, what controls our thoughts, behaviors and actions. Includes the human genome – 25,000 working genes, not as many genes as predicted, genetics influence our traits and behaviors. Neuroimaging – the ability to look into the head while a person is actively conscious. EEG, MRI, PET. -Influence of evolutionary theory - Evolution comes by natural selection, which is how a trait develops or fails in order to survive. Proximate explanations – how does a trait develop, how long, in one person’s lifetime. Ultimate explanations – look at trait over more then one lifetime; over thousands of years. -Multiple levels of analysis - biological (genetic, neurochemical, brain systems), individual (behavior, perception and cognition, individual differences), social (interpersonal, cultural – on a broader scope) 3. What are some key characteristics of science (e.g., what is skepticism?, what is falsifiability and why is it so important?) - non-dogmatic – not rigid, flexible in thinking - skeptical – always wanting additional evidence - empirical – something that’s testable – theory - falsifiable – science doesn’t prove, it provides support; sets up claims to be disproved - cumulative – everything builds upon itself, history works towards present research 4. What was Darwin’s contribution to psychology? What is an adaptation? Darwin contributed the idea of evolution and natural selection and it’s role in psychology. Adaptation is developing traits in order to survive. We have adapted vastly over time, physically and mentally with creativity and diversity. Why we eat fatty foods. Craving foods rich in calories and fat. Desire passed on from generation to generation.
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5. What are the historical roots of psychology (what is structuralism, functionalism, psychodynamics, and behaviorism)? - Structuralism – Wilhelm Wundt – reducing complex behaviors to elementary parts. Taking a behavior/trait and breaking it down into its most elementary parts – atomizing the mind. Results in describing how the trait works. Break it down and find parts. -
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This note was uploaded on 10/19/2010 for the course PSY 111 taught by Professor Auman during the Fall '08 term at Elon.

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Exam 1 Study Guide - PSY 111 Exam 1 Study Questions Some...

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