PSY 111 Exam 1 Study Questions
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Actively work at understanding the material in the
Those are written in my words, not yours, and you will need to translate
them into your words if you really want to understand the material. If you need help
understanding something, ask me for clarification. Good luck!
What are the key characteristics of science?
Non-dogmatic, skeptical, empirical, falsifiable, cumulative
Describe and understand the 4 major underlying themes of psychology.
- Cumulative nature of science
- Involves synthesis and has historical foundations. Involves ancient
concepts of the mind. Based on thousands of years of research and
discovery. Our current research is because of the past.
- Brain chemistry – our understanding of the neurotransmission, what
controls our thoughts, behaviors and actions. Includes the human genome
– 25,000 working genes, not as many genes as predicted, genetics
influence our traits and behaviors. Neuroimaging – the ability to look into
the head while a person is actively conscious. EEG, MRI, PET.
-Influence of evolutionary theory
- Evolution comes by natural selection, which is how a trait develops or
fails in order to survive. Proximate explanations – how does a trait
develop, how long, in one person’s lifetime. Ultimate explanations – look
at trait over more then one lifetime; over thousands of years.
-Multiple levels of analysis
- biological (genetic, neurochemical, brain systems), individual (behavior,
perception and cognition, individual differences), social (interpersonal,
cultural – on a broader scope)
What are some key characteristics of science (e.g., what is skepticism?,
what is falsifiability and why is it so important?)
non-dogmatic – not rigid, flexible in thinking
skeptical – always wanting additional evidence
empirical – something that’s testable – theory
falsifiable – science doesn’t prove, it provides support; sets up claims to be
cumulative – everything builds upon itself, history works towards present
What was Darwin’s contribution to psychology? What is an adaptation?
Darwin contributed the idea of evolution and natural selection and it’s role in
psychology. Adaptation is developing traits in order to survive. We have adapted
vastly over time, physically and mentally with creativity and diversity. Why we
eat fatty foods. Craving foods rich in calories and fat. Desire passed on from
generation to generation.