Antro Test 2

Antro Test 2 - Chapter 4 The Social and Cultural...

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Click to edit Master subtitle style 10/20/10 Chapter 4 The Social and Cultural Problem 4: Why do people believe different things, and why are they so certain that their view of the world is correct and other views are wrong?
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10/20/10 Introduction Totemism – the use of a symbol, generally an animal or plant, as a physical representation for a group, generally a clan Ritual – a dramatic rendering or social portrayal of meanings shared by a specific body of people in a way that makes them seem correct and proper
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10/20/10 4.1 How does language affect the meanings people assign to experience? We take language as a medium of communication for granted and language orders the experiences of those who speak them Benjamin Lee Whorf – each language constitutes a frame of reference that orders a particular people’s views of the world Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis – the idea
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10/20/10 Metaphors take language from one domain of experience and apply it to another domain – this extends meaning as well Domain of experience – an area of human experience (e.g., business, war, science, family life) from which people borrow meaning to apply to other areas Metaphors aren’t simply verbal devices. They are like theories, templates, lenses, or filters we can use to help us understand one
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10/20/10 Kwakwaka’wakw Metaphors of Hunger Members of British Columbia Act of eating is a metaphor for them Universe is a place in which some beings are eaten by other beings, and some beings must die so that other beings may eat them and live Eating gives life in two ways: provides nutrition and frees souls
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10/20/10 The Kwakwaka’wakw place their dead on scaffolds where the body can be devoured by ravens and other birds. Once the soul enters the body of the salmon it remains there until the body is eaten by humans and it then enters the body of a newborn child Myth – a story of narrative that portrays the meanings people give to their experience
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10/20/10 4.2 How does symbolic action reinforce a particular view of the world? We also participate in activities that express a particular view of the world – esp. symbolic actions such as ritual, myth, literature, art, gmaes, and music Symbolic actions carry bundles of meanigns that represent public displays of a culture – dramatic renderings and social portrayals of
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10/20/10 Kwakwaka’wakw Cannibal Dance One of the most important Kwakwaka’wakw rituals is the Cannibal Dance 4-day spectacle that serves as the highlight of the Kwakwaka’wakw Winter Ceremonial – a period of celebration and ritual observance in which all worldly activities cease Hamatsa (the initiate) believed to be
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10/20/10 Over 4-days try to entice him back into the house to tame Entice him finally with smoke of cedar bark that has been soaked in menstrual blood Final symbol that the hamatsa has been tamed is that his craving for human flesh has been replaced with a desire for ordinary food Hamatsa is the ultimate projection of
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Antro Test 2 - Chapter 4 The Social and Cultural...

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