chapter3homework - CHAPTER 3 The Accounting Information...

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CHAPTER 3 The Accounting Information System ANSWERS TO QUESTIONS 2. Transactions (a), (b), (d) are considered business transactions and are recorded in the accounting records because a change in assets, liabilities, or owners’/stockholders’ equity has been effected as a result of a transfer of values from one party to another. Transactions (c) and (e) are not business transactions because a transfer of values has not resulted, nor can the event be considered financial in nature and capable of being expressed in terms of money. 3. Transaction (a): Accounts Receivable (debit), Service Revenue (credit). Transaction (b): Cash (debit), Accounts Receivable (credit). Transaction (c): Office Supplies (debit), Accounts Payable (credit). Transaction (d): Delivery Expense (debit), Cash (credit). 4. Revenue and expense accounts are referred to as temporary or nominal accounts because each period they are closed out to Income Summary in the closing process. Their balances are reduced to zero at the end of the accounting period; therefore, the term temporary or nominal is given to these accounts. 7. (a) Real account; balance sheet. (b) Real account; balance sheet. (c) Merchandise inventory is generally considered a real account appearing on the balance sheet. It has the elements of a nominal account when the periodic inventory system is used. It may appear on the income statement when the multiple-step format is used under a periodic inventory system. (d) Real account; balance sheet. (e) Real account; balance sheet. (f) Nominal account; income statement. (g) Nominal account; income statement. (h) Real account; balance sheet. 14. December 31 Interest Receivable. ............................................................................................ 10,000 Interest Revenue. ........................................................................................ 10,000 (To record accrued interest revenue on loan) Accrued expenses result from the same causes as accrued revenues. In fact, an accrued expense on the books of one company is an accrued revenue to another company. 15. No, all international companies are not subject to the same internal control standards. All public com- panies that list their securities on U.S. stock exchanges are subject to the internal control testing and assurance provisions of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. International companies that list their securities on non-U.S. exchanges are not subject to these rules and there is debate as to whether they should have to comply. 17. As with accounting standards, there are differences in auditing standards across international jurisdictions. In the U.S., auditors of public companies are regulated by the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (PCAOB). The PCAOB enforces the provisions of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act through its various auditing standards. In the international domain, the auditing standards board is the International Auditing and
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Assurance Standards Board (IAASB). The IAASB is working on a broad set of international auditing
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chapter3homework - CHAPTER 3 The Accounting Information...

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