#21 - Chapter 15: Acids and Bases Acid/bases definitions,...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–5. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Chapter 15: Acids and Bases Acid/bases definitions, the ion product of water, the pH scale (Sec. 15.1 – 15.3)
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
A. General properties of acids and bases (Review of Sec. 4.3) Acids: Sour taste (vinegar due to acetic acid; citrus fruits due to citric acid) Color change in plant dyes (litmus from blue to red) React with certain metals (examples: Zn, Mg, Fe) to produce hydrogen gas React with carbonates and bicarbonates (examples: Na 2 CO 3 , CaCO 3 , NaHCO 3 ) to produce carbon dioxide Aqueous acids conduct electricity Bases: Bitter taste Feel slippery (soap) Color change in plant dyes (litmus from red to blue) Aqueous solutions conduct electricity Recommended problems: 15.3 -15.8, 15.17, 15.18, 15.20 -15.26
Background image of page 2
When dissolved in water : Arrhenius acid is a substance that yields hydrogen ions H + (protons) Note: H + + H 2 O -> H 3 O + (hydronium ion) When dissolved in water : Arrhenius base is a substance that yields hydroxide ions OH - A. Arrhenius Acids and Bases (Review of Sec. 2.7 and Sec. 4.3)
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
B. Brønsted Acids and Bases
Background image of page 4
Image of page 5
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 10/21/2010 for the course CHEM 155 taught by Professor Burnett,joe during the Fall '08 term at Iowa State.

Page1 / 7

#21 - Chapter 15: Acids and Bases Acid/bases definitions,...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 5. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online