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UNIT 1 2010-I-07

UNIT 1 2010-I-07 - Unit 1 The Engineering Profession Change...

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Unformatted text preview: Unit 1 The Engineering Profession Change Recor d s 2010-I -07 I nit ial Cr eat ion 2010-I-07 ©Dr. M. Bennett , P.Eng., PMP Ethics, Law and Professionalism Winter 2010 1-1 Unit 1 The Engineering Profession Cour se Out line 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. T he Engineer ing Pr ofession Et hics Engineer ing L aw I nt ellect ual and I ndust r ial Pr oper t y Conflict Resolut ion The Cont r act ing Pr ocess Ot her L egal I ssues for Pr ofessional Engineer s Occupat ional H ealt h and Safet y Pr ivacy I ssues L egal L andmines in E-Commer ce I nt er nat ional Tr ade Envir onment al L aws and Regulat ions ©Dr. M. Bennett , P.Eng., PMP Ethics, Law and Professionalism Winter 2010 2010-I-07 1-2 Unit 1 The Engineering Profession 1 The Engineer ing Pr ofession 1.1 H ist or y of Engineer ing 1.2 St r uct ur e of t he Associat ions 1.3 L icensing det ails 1.4 Pr ofessional misconduct 1.5 The Accr edit at ion Pr ocess 1.6 Bir t h of a New Br anch of 1.6 Engineer ing: Soft war e Engineer ing E ngineer 2010-I-07 ©Dr. M. Bennett , P.Eng., PMP Ethics, Law and Professionalism Winter 2010 1-3 Unit 1 The Engineering Profession 1.1 H ist or y of Engineer ing s s s s s What I S engineer ing? “ A n engineer is a per son who can build for a An dime, what any damn fool can build for a dollar ” dollar E ngineer s BUI L D t hings t hat people want Engineer t o use Emphasis of ut ilit y, economy, safet y Compar e Soft war e Engineer ing wit h Compar Comput er Science Comput ©Dr. M. Bennett , P.Eng., PMP Ethics, Law and Professionalism Winter 2010 2010-I-07 1-4 Unit 1 The Engineering Profession H ist or y of Engineer ing s Ver y old s Romans had super b engineer s, who Romans mar ched wit h t heir ar mies m ar s Gr eeks t oo (Gr eek fir e) s Per sians could build gr eat br idges Per (H ellespont in 480 BC) (H 2010-I-07 ©Dr. M. Bennett , P.Eng., PMP Ethics, Law and Professionalism Winter 2010 1-5 Unit 1 The Engineering Profession H ist or y s “ engineer ” comes fr om t he L at in engineer i ngeni um = clever ness, int elligence, genius genius s Fir st engineer s wer e civil engineer s s Then naval engineer s s T hen milit ar y engineer s (ar t iller y, Then et c) et 2010-I-07 ©Dr. M. Bennett , P.Eng., PMP Ethics, Law and Professionalism Winter 2010 1-6 Unit 1 The Engineering Profession I ndust r ial Revolut ion s Fueled by engineer s in t he 19t h cent ur y cent s B ut t he concept of r egulat ion became But v er y cr it ical as people wer e being k illed by bad engineer ing (cf: medicine) m edicine) 2010-I-07 ©Dr. M. Bennett , P.Eng., PMP Ethics, Law and Professionalism Winter 2010 1-7 Unit 1 The Engineering Profession 20 Cent ur y th s L aur ier got it wr ong s “ The 20t h cent ur y belongs t o Engineer s” E ngineer s I magine what life would be like wit hout engineer ? w it 2010-I-07 ©Dr. M. Bennett , P.Eng., PMP Ethics, Law and Professionalism Winter 2010 1-8 Unit 1 The Engineering Profession 21 Cent ur y st s E ngineer s have been t oo focused on t he Engineer const r uct ion of t he immediat e end pr oduct pr s H ave not consider ed L ife Cycle cost s s For example, aut omobiles s A ll of t he pollut ion has been cr eat ed by All US! U S! s N ow we ar e concer ned about et hical Now st ewar dship, P.Eng., PMP Ethics, Law anding in engineer Professionalism Winter 2010 1-9 st 2010-I-07 ©Dr. M. Bennett Unit 1 The Engineering Profession Regulat ing Engineer s s 2 w eeks ago I kundn’t spail engineer weeks and now I ar e one (old car t oon) and s As t he 19t h cent ur y pr ogr esses, mor e public pr essur e t o r egulat e t he ar ea public s A ny damn fool could hang up a sign Any saying she was an “engineer ” saying s CF aut omobiles in 1915 or soft war e CF t oday 2010-I-07 ©Dr. M. Bennett , P.Eng., PMP Ethics, Law and Professionalism Winter 2010 1-10 Unit 1 The Engineering Profession Case St udy 1: H igh Pr essur e B oiler s s L ow-pr essur e boiler s s 40,000 deat hs in t he 19t h cent ur y s L ed t o t her modynamics s Also bet t er met allur gical engineer ing s By 20t h cent ur y, no mor e deat hs 2010-I-07 ©Dr. M. Bennett , P.Eng., PMP Ethics, Law and Professionalism Winter 2010 1-11 Unit 1 The Engineering Profession Fir st St ep s Appr ent iceship pr ogr ams s T oo slow, did not scale well, no qualit y Too cont r ol cont 2010-I-07 ©Dr. M. Bennett , P.Eng., PMP Ethics, Law and Professionalism Winter 2010 1-12 Unit 1 The Engineering Profession Case St udy 2: Qu ébec Br idge s Galvanized Canada int o r egulat ing Galvanized engineer ing engineer 2010-I-07 ©Dr. M. Bennett , P.Eng., PMP Ethics, Law and Professionalism Winter 2010 1-13 Unit 1 The Engineering Profession A Tale of Two (Canadian) B r idges s The Québec Br idge s The Confeder at ion Br idge s Bot h wer e t he Biggest in t heir class 2010-I-07 ©Dr. M. Bennett , P.Eng., PMP Ethics, Law and Professionalism Winter 2010 1-14 Unit 1 The Engineering Profession Québec Br idge s W as t o br idge St L awr ence at L évis, Was just sout h of Québec Cit y j ust s H ad t o be a cant ilever design because of sea t r affic up t he St . L awr ence of s F ir t h of For t h br idge (Scot land) had Fir been built ear lier so design sound been s Planned st ar t dat e 1905; finish dat e Planned 1908 1908 2010-I-07 ©Dr. M. Bennett , P.Eng., PMP Ethics, Law and Professionalism Winter 2010 1-15 Unit 1 The Engineering Profession Det ails s Picked Cooper , an Amer ican engineer Picked f r om NYC (best br idge-builder in t he wor ld) w or s No Canadians please s D eck design was 8 million pounds t oo Deck light l ight s Tr ouble seen in small bendings s Cooper never saw t he sit e s Cr ashed 29August , 1907, killing 75 Cr 2010-I-07 ©Dr. wor ker s M. Bennett , P.Eng., PMP Ethics, Law and Professionalism Winter 2010 w or 1-16 Unit 1 The Engineering Profession Sad det ails 2010-I-07 ©Dr. M. Bennett , P.Eng., PMP Ethics, Law and Professionalism Winter 2010 1-17 Unit 1 The Engineering Profession H appy Det ails Today! 2010-I-07 ©Dr. M. Bennett , P.Eng., PMP Ethics, Law and Professionalism Winter 2010 1-18 Unit 1 The Engineering Profession Confeder at ion Br idge s Fixed link fr om PEI t o NB s 1993-1997 s Four year s, 1 $Gig s On-t ime, on-budget , on-qualit y s L ongest span over ice-cover ed wat er s in t he wor ld (12.9 ki) in 2010-I-07 ©Dr. M. Bennett , P.Eng., PMP Ethics, Law and Professionalism Winter 2010 1-19 Unit 1 The Engineering Profession t oday 2010-I-07 ©Dr. M. Bennett , P.Eng., PMP Ethics, Law and Professionalism Winter 2010 1-20 Unit 1 The Engineering Profession PEI -NB 2010-I-07 ©Dr. M. Bennett , P.Eng., PMP Ethics, Law and Professionalism Winter 2010 1-21 Unit 1 The Engineering Profession Aft er mat h of QB s Realizat ion t hat engineer ing needed Realizat t o be r egulat ed. s Began a 30 year pr ocess t owar ds p r ofessionalization 2010-I-07 ©Dr. M. Bennett , P.Eng., PMP Ethics, Law and Professionalism Winter 2010 1-22 Unit 1 The Engineering Profession Definit ion of Pr ofession Pr “ a self-select ive, self-disciplined gr oup self-select of individuals who hold t hemselves out t o t he public as possessing a special skill der ived fr om t r aining and educat ion and ar e pr epar ed t o exer cise t hat skill in t he int er est s of ot her s” ot 2010-I-07 ©Dr. M. Bennett , P.Eng., PMP Ethics, Law and Professionalism Winter 2010 1-23 Unit 1 The Engineering Profession M ust also be a L aw s I t is illegal t o pr act ice engineer ing u nless you ar e “cer t ified” by t he pr ofession pr s N ow it is nor mally t he case t hat you Now m ust be a gr aduat e of an accr edit ed engineer ing pr ogr am at a univer sit y engineer 2010-I-07 ©Dr. M. Bennett , P.Eng., PMP Ethics, Law and Professionalism Winter 2010 1-24 Unit 1 The Engineering Profession Why do we need r egulat ion? s Pr ot ect ion of t he public s Need t o guar ant ee qualit y s Not a guar ant ee t hat we never fail 2010-I-07 ©Dr. M. Bennett , P.Eng., PMP Ethics, Law and Professionalism Winter 2010 1-25 Unit 1 The Engineering Profession I n Fact @ ! s E ngineer s lear n fr om FAI L URE! Not Engineer success. success. s Tacoma Nar r ows Br idge for example s Challenger disast er 2010-I-07 ©Dr. M. Bennett , P.Eng., PMP Ethics, Law and Professionalism Winter 2010 1-26 Unit 1 The Engineering Profession Whenever a Plane cr ashes…. s I n t he old days, some Aer o eng scr ewed up scr s T oday, some soft war e engineer Today, scr ewed up scr s Example of ear ly Air buses s Chinese got it r ight in Y2K . The SEs Chinese w er e in Chinese air cr aft at t he millennium I N TH E AI R! m illennium 2010-I-07 ©Dr. M. Bennett , P.Eng., PMP Ethics, Law and Professionalism Winter 2010 1-27 Unit 1 The Engineering Profession Never For get s D oct or s kill t heir pat ient s one at a Doct t ime s Engineer s kill t hem by t he t housands! 2010-I-07 ©Dr. M. Bennett , P.Eng., PMP Ethics, Law and Professionalism Winter 2010 1-28 Unit 1 The Engineering Profession Quot e “ T o er r is human, but t o r eally foul To t hings up, you need a comput er ” Paul Ehr lich E hr 2010-I-07 ©Dr. M. Bennett , P.Eng., PMP Ethics, Law and Professionalism Winter 2010 29 Unit 1 The Engineering Profession So H ow Ar e We Doing? s A pr il, 2006. 3,874 US soft war e Apr pr oject s r epor t ing pr s 47% wer e x Tr oubled x Tr oubled and r ecover ed x Tr oubled and failed s Answer : BAAAAAAAAD! ©Dr. M. Bennett , P.Eng., PMP Ethics, Law and Professionalism Winter 2010 2010-I-07 30 Unit 1 The Engineering Profession Top 5 Sympt oms of Tr oubled Pr oject s 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Cr it ical issues in meet ing milest ones/complet ing Cr deliver ables deliver H igh r isk t hat pr oject will not deliver ant icipat ed r esult s Pr oject for ecast ed t o be unaccept ably lat e Pr oject I S unaccept ably behind schedule now Cr it ical t echnical issues wit h t he pr oject Cent er for Business Pr act ices “Tr oubled Pr oject s, Apr 2K 6” [PM N Aug 2K 6] 2K 2010-I-07 ©Dr. M. Bennett , P.Eng., PMP Ethics, Law and Professionalism Winter 2010 31 Unit 1 The Engineering Profession Top Reasons for Poor Pr oj P1. for manceon t he t eam, employees ar en’t er When ser ving 2. 3. 4. 5. When ser ving on t he t eam, employees ar en’t r elieved of r out ine r esponsibilit ies………………….…....84% E mployees do not r eceive PM Employees t r aining……....80% T eams ar en’t given enough Teams r esour ces..............69% Pr oject t eams t hr oughout t he Or ganizat ion fail Pr t o follow a st andar d PM met hodology……………...….62% m et The r ight ©Dr. M. Bennett ar en’t on t heandeam…….. 2010 32 people , P.Eng., PMP Ethics, Law t Professionalism Winter 2010-I-07 Unit 1 The Engineering Profession Engineer ing Failur e (“Success has a hundr ed fat her s; Failur e is an or phan” Count Ciano) s Pr oject failur e x Schedule over r un x Cost over r un x Cancellat ion s Pr oduct failur e x Deat h and injur y x Expensive r ecalls x L egal liabilit ies x Or ganizat ional embar r assment 2010-I-07 ©Dr. M. Bennett , P.Eng., PMP Ethics, Law and Professionalism Winter 2010 33 Unit 1 The Engineering Profession Some Recent Schedule D isast er s (NB Schedule Over r uns nor mally go wit h Cost Over r uns!) s B ost on’s Big Bost Dig............................196% so D ig............................196% s H umber Br idge UK ......................175% s Bost on-NY-Washingt on r r .......130% s Gr eat Belt r ail t unnel DK ...........110% s Shinkansen Br idge JP................100% s Chunnel.............................................80 % s Ør esund access links DK ............70% 2010-I-07 s Gr eat©Dr. M. Bennett , P.Eng., PMP Ethics, Law and Professionalism Winter 2010 34 Belt Gr Unit 1 The Engineering Profession Spect acular Pr oject s c Spect acular COs s Suez Canal..............................1,900% s Sydney Oper a H ouse..........1,400% s Concor de.................................1,100% s Panama Canal (USA)..............200% s Br ooklyn Br idge......................100% s Fir ear ms........................1,000,000% s Picker ing A Rehab…..……….300% s Confeder at ion Br idge.................0% 2010-I-07 ©Dr. M. Bennett , P.Eng., PMP Ethics, Law and Professionalism Winter 2010 35 Unit 1 The Engineering Profession A nd of Cour se, Canadian E xamples s M ont r eal x We JUST Olympics [1976]! finished paying for it ! x N ot e t hat t he L A Olympics M ADE Not $100M ! $100M x Vancouver ??? s OPG Picker ing A Unit 1Rehab (300% OPG CO, 2 year s lat e) N ot e what happened t o Chair man, CEO,©Dr. M. Bennett , P.Eng., PMP Ethics, Law and Professionalism Winter 2010 CEO, CFO! 2010-I-07 36 Unit 1 The Engineering Profession Deadly Pr oject s s Quebec Br idge s Cher nobyl s Challenger , Columbia disast er s 2010-I-07 ©Dr. M. Bennett , P.Eng., PMP Ethics, Law and Professionalism Winter 2010 37 Unit 1 The Engineering Profession All Thr ee! s F ir st Panama Canal (200% over r un, Fir did not finish, 20,000 men died) did 2010-I-07 ©Dr. M. Bennett , P.Eng., PMP Ethics, Law and Professionalism Winter 2010 38 Unit 1 The Engineering Profession I SH 2010-I-07 ©Dr. M. Bennett , P.Eng., PMP Ethics, Law and Professionalism Winter 2010 1-39 Unit 1 The Engineering Profession E mbar r assing Oper at ional E xamples s TM I 2010-I-07 ©Dr. M. Bennett , P.Eng., PMP Ethics, Law and Professionalism Winter 2010 40 Unit 1 The Engineering Profession St r at egic Failur es (building somet hing no one want s) I r idium s $5 billion spent s Way lat e (12 year s) s N eeded 400,000 subscr iber s t o br eak Needed even; had 10,000 when it chapt er edeven; 11ed s Bought for $25M ! s M assive st r at egic misalignment ! 2010-I-07 ©Dr. M. Bennett , P.Eng., PMP Ethics, Law and Professionalism Winter 2010 41 Unit 1 The Engineering Profession Deadly Engineer ing s H yat t -Regency walkways collapse (114 dead) dead) s Ocean Ranger sinking (88 dead) s Thr esher sinking (129 dead) 2010-I-07 ©Dr. M. Bennett , P.Eng., PMP Ethics, Law and Professionalism Winter 2010 42 Unit 1 The Engineering Profession Viabilit y depends on Est imat ed ROI Pr oject Denver Air por t 200 H umber Br idge 175 Chunnel 80 Balt imor e M et r o 60 Por t land M et r o 55 Buffalo M et r o 50 Par is Nor d 25 2010-I-07 CO(%) Act uals/For ecast s (%) 50 25 18 40 45 30 25 43 ©Dr. M. Bennett , P.Eng., PMP Ethics, Law and Professionalism Winter 2010 Unit 1 The Engineering Profession Why? s Polit icos L I E s Need t o get t he big ones done s N ot e t hat t he pr oject ed usage NEVER Not even comes CL OSE t o t he act uals even s T hey do NOT calculat e t he t ot al life They cycle cost of t he pr oject (i.e. t he effect on t he envir onment !) on 2010-I-07 ©Dr. M. Bennett , P.Eng., PMP Ethics, Law and Professionalism Winter 2010 44 Unit 1 The Engineering Profession Some M egaPr oject s t o Wat ch s China’s Thr ee Gor ges Dam s H ong K ong’s Chek L ap K ok air por t s Thailand’s 650 km M yanmar Thailand pipeline 2010-I-07 ©Dr. M. Bennett , P.Eng., PMP Ethics, Law and Professionalism Winter 2010 45 Unit 1 The Engineering Profession The Nor t h Amer ican SW Repor t CarYd dan r epor t s t hat 25% of lar ge s Your our pr oject s NEVER finish and t he aver age M I S pr oject is one year lat e and 100% over budget . and s St andish Gr oup (Chaos Repor t ) St r epor t s t hat (1995) 31.1% pr oject s will be canceled befor e 31.1% complet ion complet 3 51.5.7% of t hem will aver age 189% over r uns 3 only 16.2% ar e complet ed on-t ime, on-budget 3 for For t une 500, 9% will do so 3 2010-I-07 ©Dr. M. Bennett , P.Eng., PMP Ethics, Law and Professionalism Winter 2010 46 Unit 1 The Engineering Profession Some Ver y Cost ly SW Pr oject s s AAT/CAATs s CONFI RM s Allst at e, Denver Air por t s TAURUS s CA DM V s M ar s Pr obes s Ar iane V r ocket s H er shey melt down 2010-I-07 ©Dr. M. Bennett , P.Eng., PMP Ethics, Law and Professionalism Winter 2010 47 Unit 1 The Engineering Profession Some Ver y SW Deadly Pr oject s s Ther ac 25 s The Pat r iot M issile s The L AS Debacle s Sever al Air Bus disast er s 2010-I-07 ©Dr. M. Bennett , P.Eng., PMP Ethics, Law and Professionalism Winter 2010 48 Unit 1 The Engineering Profession M or e SW Cher nobyl Awar ds (M . M ische; “Reengineer ing” Auer bach) B adly managed pr oject s wit h t er r ible Badly consequences consequences s F lor ida’s Welfar e Syst em Pr oject ; Flor $100M $100M s I RS “Aut omat ion Effor t ” x $3.3Gs wast ed x Not a single line of code x cf: Canada Revenue Agency 2010-I-07 ©Dr. M. Bennett , P.Eng., PMP Ethics, Law and Professionalism Winter 2010 49 Unit 1 The Engineering Profession The Audit or-Gener al’s Repor t Report to Parliament, October 1995 Chapter 12 analyzed 4 major IT projects, with a total cost (to date of $500,000,000). PSCS (PWGSC) $61M spent when cancelled ISPR (HRC) needs continual corrective action CDFS (PWGSC) used by 1 of 20 users!(95) IDFS (TC) descoped to remain on target 2010-I-07 ©Dr. M. Bennett , P.Eng., PMP Ethics, Law and Professionalism Winter 2010 50 Unit 1 The Engineering Profession Big 3 Reasons s Poor pr oject planning s Weak business case s L ack of t op management suppor t 2010-I-07 ©Dr. M. Bennett , P.Eng., PMP Ethics, Law and Professionalism Winter 2010 51 Unit 1 The Engineering Profession And The Usual Suspect s s Used new/unpr oven t echnologies s Vendor s did not meet commit ment s Poor est imat es s L ack of r equir ement s definit ion s N o r isk management No 2010-I-07 ©Dr. M. Bennett , P.Eng., PMP Ethics, Law and Professionalism Winter 2010 52 Unit 1 The Engineering Profession Successes s Confeder at ion Br idge ($1G, on-t ime) s M illau Gor ge Br idge ($600M , 5 year s) 2010-I-07 ©Dr. M. Bennett , P.Eng., PMP Ethics, Law and Professionalism Winter 2010 53 Unit 1 The Engineering Profession Fr ance’s M illau Gor ge B r idge 2010-I-07 ©Dr. M. Bennett , P.Eng., PMP Ethics, Law and Professionalism Winter 2010 54 Unit 1 The Engineering Profession H oover ’s Quot e I t is a gr eat pr ofession. There is t he sat isfact ion of wat ching a fi gment of t he imaginat i on emer ge t hr ough t he ai d of science t o a pl an on paper . Then it moves t o r eal izat ion i n st one or met al or ener gy. Then it br ings j obs and homes t o humans. Then i t el evat es t he st andar ds of l iving and adds t o t he comfor t s of life. That i s t he engineer 's hi gh pri vilege. T hat T he gr eat l iabi li t y of t he engineer compar ed t o people of ot her pr ofessions i s t hat hi s wor ks ar e out in The t he open where al l can see t hem. H er act s, st ep by st ep, are i n hard subst ance. H e cannot bur y hi s m ist akes in t he gr ave li ke t he doct or s. She cannot ar gue t hem int o t hi n ai r or blame t he judge like t he l awyer s. H e cannot , like t he ar chit ect s, cover his fail ur es wi t h t r ees and vines. She cannot , l ike t he pol it icians, scr een her shor t comi ngs by blami ng his opponent s and hope t hat t he peopl e wil l for get . The engineer si mply cannot deny t hat he di d it . I f her works do not wor k, she is damned. That is t he phant asmagor ia t hat haunt s hi s night s and dogs hi s days. She comes fr om t he job at t he end of t he day r esolved t o calculat e it again. H e wakes i n t he ni ght i n a cold sweat and put s somet hi ng on paper t hat l ooks si lly in t he mor ni ng. Al l day she shi ver s at t he t hought of t he bugs whi ch wil l inevit ably appear t o jolt her smoot h consummat ion. j olt On t he ot her hand, unli ke t he doct or , her s is not a l ife among t he weak. U nli ke t he soldi er , dest r uct ion i s On n ot his purpose. U nli ke t he lawyer, quar r els ar e not her dai ly br ead. To t he engineer falls t he job of clot hing t he bar e bones of science wit h life, comfor t and hope. clot N o doubt as year s go by peopl e for get which engineer di d it , even if t hey ever knew. Or some poli t i ci an No put s her name on i t . Or t hey cr edi t it t o some pr omot er who used ot her people’s money wit h which t o f inance it . But t he engineer hi msel f looks back at t he unending st r eam of goodness t hat fl ows fr om his successes wit h sat isfact ions t hat few pr ofessions may know...
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