Comparative Politics

Comparative Politics - C O MPARA T I V E P O L I T I C S...

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Unformatted text preview: C O MPARA T I V E P O L I T I C S 8/27- T HEMES Q UESTIONS A NSWERS M ETHODS-D EMOCRACY-C ONCEPTS- Q UAL ITATI VE-P ROSPERI TY-H YPOTHESIS-Q UANTI TATI VE-O RDER- T HEORI ES- F ORMAL-M ATHEMATICAL B IG Q UEST IONS-W HY ARE SOME SOCIETI ES RULED BY DEMOCRATIC REGI MES AND OTHERS RULED BY DI CTATORSHIPS- W HY ARE SOME SOCIET I ES CAPABLE OF HI GH STANDARDS OF LI V I NG FOR LARGE SEGMENTS AND OTHER I MPOVERISHED WI TH UNEQUAL OPPORTUNI T I ES- W HY ARE SOME SOCIET I ES CI VI L AND WELL ORDERED AND OTHERS CONFLI CTED A NSWERS C ONCEPTS :- DEF I NI T I ONS OF ABSTRACT ENT I T I ES- RULES FOR I DENT I FY I NG I NSTANCES OF THESE ENT I TI ES H YPOTHESES :- SPECI FIC CAUSE- EFFECT CLAI MS- DI RECTLY TESTABLE T HEORI ES :- ABSTRACT CLAI MS ABOUT GENERAL CASUAL RELATIONSHI PS- ASSUMPTI ONS ABOUT HUMAN NATURE OF SOCIAL REALI TY- I NDI RECTLY TESTABLE M ETHODS Q UALI TATI VE :- NARRATIVE ACCOUNTS OF I N I T IAL CONDI TI ONS / EVENTS / PROCESSES- CASUAL I NFERENCE VIA SEQUENCE OF EVENTS , TI M I NG OF EVENTS Q UANTI TATI VE :- CASUAL ANALYSIS * NOT PURELY DESCRIPT I VE- DESCRI PT I VE ACCURACY ESSENT IAL * MOTIVATED BY NORMATI VE CONCERNS BUT EVALUATED BY THOSE CONCERNS * I DENT I FY THE SET OF I N I T IAL CONDI TI ONS AND MECHANISMS THAT PRODUCE AN OUTCOME * BASIS FOR RESPONSIBLE I NTERVENT ION R IVAL T HEORIES C ULT U R E T H EORY VS . P OWER T HEORY-S OCIAL OUTCOMES PRODUCED- SOCIAL OUTCOMES PRODUCE BY GOAL- BY VALUES , NORMS , BELI EFS , CUSTOMS ORI ENTED STRATEGIC ACTORS WI TH VARYI NG COMMAND OF POWER RESOURCES 9/1 C O MPARA T I V E P O L I T I CS W H A T I S A CA US A L R E L A T I O N S H I P- T O CLAI M FACTOR X CAUSES OUTCOME Y MEANS OBSERVABLE ( EMPI RICAL ) ASSOCIATIONS BETWEEN THE I NDEPENDENT VARIABLE AND DEPENDENT VARIABLE STATISTICAL ANALYSIS QUANT I F I ES RELATIONSHI PS AS CORRELATION I DENT I F ICATI ON OF A MECHANISM L I NKI NG X AND Y S UCH THAT I NTERVENTION TO MANI PULATE X ALTERS Y- E M P I R I C A L R E L A T I O N S H I P S- OBSERVE * X AND Y APPEAR ( OFTEN , REGULAR , ETC ) TOGETHER * W HEN X IS ABSENT , Y IS A BSENT * W HEN AN ATTRIBUTE OF TRAI T OF X CHANGES , THE SAME HAPPENS FOR Y * W HEN THE QUANT I TY OF X I NCREASES OR DECREASES , SO DOES THE QUANT I TY OF Y * N OTE THAT SOME RELATIONSHI PS ARE DETERMI NISTIC , ( MOST ) OTHERS ARE PROBABI L ISTI C .-B I V A R I A T E C O R R E L A T I O N- F OR EACH UNIT , MEASURE VALUE OF X AND OF Y.-E ACH UNIT NOW CORRESPONDS TO THE ORDERED PAIR ( X , Y ).-P LOT EACH ORDERED PAIR ON A C ARTESIAN GRID .-I F THE POINTS ARE TIGHTLY BUNCHED TOGETHER ALONG A LI NE , THE TWO VARIABLES ARE HIGHLY CORRELATED .-I F THE POINTS FORM A CLOUD THEY ARE SCATTERED I N ALL FOUR QUADRANTS OF THE C ARTESIAN GRID--- THE TWO VARIABLES ARE WEAKLY CORRELATED OR EVEN UNCORRELATED ....
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This note was uploaded on 10/19/2010 for the course PLCP PLCP 101 taught by Professor W during the Fall '09 term at UVA.

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Comparative Politics - C O MPARA T I V E P O L I T I C S...

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