Module 1 Study Guide
: answer every exam question. eliminate answers that you don’t recognize or that are
obviously wrong; this increases your odds of guessing correctly if you don’t know the answer.
READ the assigned readings
study your lecture notes and look over discussion exercises.
Terms and Concepts
Absolute (direction, distance, location):
Identification of a place by some precise and accepted
system of coordinates.
Location: Latitude and longitude, township and range, street address.
Direction: “Cardinal directions,” N/S/E/W, which direction does Navajo Hogan face?
Kilometers/ miles/ feet…etc., Poles/ Chains/ Furlongs/ Rods/ Cubits
Relative (direction, distance, location):
Position of a place in relation to that of other places or
“Tucson is a little more than a 100miles southeast of Phoenix”
The American “Southwest”, Togo “Back East”, “West coast!”
“I live 2minutes from the Tucson Mall but it takes 10minutes on a bicycle”
Formal or Uniform Regions:
is one of the essential uniformity in one or a limited combination
of physical or cultural features
have specific boundaries, like a state or country: tied together by
commonalities like language or laws.
Functional Region or Nodal Region:
A region differentiated by what occurs with in it rather
than by homogeneity of physical or cultural phenomena; they are regions with a core periphery.
Ex: economic ties, commuting patterns, newspapers, sports teams, airports.
Perceptual or Vernacular Region:
Are less rigorously structured than the formal and functional
regions geographers devise.
They reflect feelings and images rather than objective data because
of that may be more meaningful in the lives and actions of those who recognize them than are the
more abstract regions of geographers. -- tied together by multiple features (climatic, cultural,
Midwest, south, west coast, east coast etc., “The Bible Belt” – only bound by religion
A model of the spatial structure of an economic system in which
underdeveloped or declining peripheral areas are defined with respect to their dependence on a
dominating developed core region.
An absolute location concept, refers to the physical and cultural characteristics and
attributes of the place itself.
It is more than mathematical location, for it tells us something about
of that place.
(is similar to absolute location except its for places!)
The site of Philadelphia is an area bordering the west of the Delaware River north of
its intersection with the Schuylkill River in the south east of Pennsylvania.
Place vs. Space: