History Document Summaries

History Document Summaries - History Document Summaries...

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History Document Summaries Chapter 12 Moving to Suburbia: Dreams and Discontents Essay: The Baby Boom and the Age of the Subdivision by Kenneth Jackson WWII set off an economic boom and the middle-class dream was home ownership Postwar demand for suburban housing skyrocketed, fueled by veterans and growing families The most important consequence of victory was the survival of husbands and sons; normal family life could resume and the vigil was over Throughout the war, the housing market was mostly dormant because of the pressing need to produce wartime goods to send to the troops After war, marriage and birth rates skyrocketed and people were looking for homes to start with their new families The government responded with the FHA and the Servicemen’s Adjust Act, which provided funds for GIs to return to normal life Abraham Levitt and Sons: o Built more than 140,000 houses and through a revolutionary process o Process was assembly-line like, with lots being exactly the same size and the process divided into 27 steps o Crews trained to do one job and power tools made jobs quicker and easier o Most parts were preassembled and brought on site o Levitt employed vertical integration (firm made its own concrete, timber, etc) to speed up process and cut costs o First “Levittown” east of Manhattan on Long Island o Wanted to provide best shelter at least price o Simplified paperwork o Also built parks, planted trees, and swimming pools to create community New subdivisions shared 5 characteristics: 1. Peripheral location 2. Relatively low density (designed far away on the reliance of cars) 3. Architectural similarities (few house plans, regional styles) 4. Easy availably 5. Economic and racial homogeneity (sorting of families by income and color) Zoning was used by communities to keep people out Suburbs weakened extended family (children only grew up with parents and siblings) Suburbs were major cause of the decline of central cities
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Chapter 13 The Black Struggle for Equality Essay: Crisis in Little Rock by William Doyle Tells the story of the Little Rock Nine Elizabeth Eckford walked to school alone on the first day of desegregation
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History Document Summaries - History Document Summaries...

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