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Ch_7_Social_Responsibilities_Slides_1-7 - Human Factors&...

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Unformatted text preview: Human Factors & Human Factors & SOCIAL Responsibility SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY • Designer’s awareness and responsibility to be mindful of consumed resources and waste produced from time of initial construction through to completion, continual/daily consumer use and even possibly to demolition. • Influences many decisions throughout the design process. Quality vs Profit Quality vs Profit • Challenged of minimizing costs to optimize profitability; client/owner pushed • Must work within tight spaces but maintain integrity of design; more space=more money, less space is often more economical • Designers face pressures to minimize costs through favoring economy over excellence • Importance of education/knowledge plays vital role; material selections, pricing and alternative options ENVIRONMENTAL/ ENVIRONMENTAL/ GREEN CONCERNS • • • Sustainable Design Eco­ Design Green Design • All describe design with concern for the impact of the designed environments on the sustainability (and renewability) of the resources they consume or minimization of their use. SUSTAINABLE DESIGN SUSTAINABLE DESIGN • The intention of sustainable design is to "eliminate negative environmental impact completely through skillful, sensitive design". Manifestations of sustainable design require no non­renewable resources, impact the environment minimally, and relate people with the natural environment. • The motivation for sustainable design was articulated in E. F. Schumacher's 1973 book Small Is Beautiful. In architecture, sustainable design is not the attachment or supplement of architectural design, but an integrated design process. This requires close cooperation of the design team, the architects, the engineers, and the client at all project stages, from site selection, scheme formation, material selection and procurement, to project implementation. • • • • • • Common Sustainable Design Principles are as follows: Low­impact materials: choose non­toxic, sustainably produced or recycled materials which require little energy to process Energy efficiency: use manufacturing processes and produce products which require less energy Quality and durability: longer­lasting and better­functioning products will have to be replaced less frequently, reducing the impacts of producing replacements Design for reuse and recycling: "Products, processes, and systems should be designed for performance in a commercial 'afterlife'."[4] Service substitution: shifting the mode of consumption from personal ownership of products to provision of services which provide similar functions, e.g., from a private automobile to acarsharing service. Such a system promotes minimal resource use per unit of consumption (e.g., per trip driven).[7] Renewability: materials should come from nearby (local or bioregional), sustainably managed renewable sources that can be composted when their usefulness has been exhausted. Healthy Buildings: sustainable building design aims to create buildings that are not harmful to their occupants nor to the larger environment. An important emphasis is on indoor environmental quality, especially indoor air quality.[8] • • ...
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