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1004.Chap7 - Chapter 7 Inequalities of Race and Ethnicity...

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Chapter 7, Inequalities of Race and Ethnicity
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The U.S.: A Nation of Immigrants U.S. citizens trace their ancestors to many different nations. A melting pot? A salad? A stew?
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Ethnic groups Ethnic groups are identified based on cultural characteristics – e.g., language, religion, national origin
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Racial groups A racial group is a category of people who share biologically transmitted traits that are defined as socially significant. Not scientifically valid, but socially significant.
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Minority groups A category of people who, because of their physical or cultural characteristics, are singled out from others in the society in which they live for differential and unequal treatment.
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Minority groups Experience discrimination, segregation, oppression, or persecution. Group members have a consciousness of one-ness, a sense of identity. Membership generally is not voluntary. Members usually marry within their own group (endogamy). This may be imposed by the dominant group.
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Hate crimes A criminal offense committed against a person, property, or society which is motivated, in whole or in part, by the offender’s bias against a race, religion, disability, sexual orientation, or ethnicity/national origin.”
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Motivations for hate crimes 52% race 19% religion 15% sexual orientation 13% ethnicity/nationality 1% disability
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An American Dilemma , Gunnar Myrdal, 1944
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Jim Crow laws Laws that required different treatment of individuals based on racial differences
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What was: Plessy v. Ferguson?
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