1004.Chap9

1004.Chap9 - Chapter 9, Political and economic power The...

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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 9, Political and economic power The State Has a Monopoly on the Legitimate Use of Force Functions of the State Planning and direction Enforcement of norms Arbitration of conflicting interests Protection against other societies Politics. .the process by which people & groups exercise power. . the process of deciding who gets what, when and how. Power: the ability to achieve desired results despite opposition. Authority: power widely accepted as legitimate rather than coercive. Examples of power and authority Pluralism and Elitism Normative: describes the best way to structure political institutions in order to maximize some good (e.g. freedom) Empirical: describes how political institutions are actually structured. Pluralism (empirical theory) There is a variety of different groups competing to influence political decisions. Example: Ban on assault weapons Ban on assault weapons expired in 2004 Police chiefs argued that allowing assault weapons on the street would mean the police would be out-gunned 68% of Americans supported continuation of the ban Congress refused to extend the ban Elitism (empirical theory ) One small group makes all the important decisions The Conflict Perspective on the State The state enforces the unequal distribution of social and material rewards in order to preserve the position of the power elite. The Power Elite The Power Elite C.Wright Mills Military-industrial complex Dwight D. Eisenhower Normative theory...
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1004.Chap9 - Chapter 9, Political and economic power The...

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