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Unformatted text preview: SOLUTIONS FOR TEST #1. 1(a) Suppose l is the tangent line to the curve C : g ( t ) = ( t,t 2 ,t 3 ) at (1 , 1 , 1) , and π is the plane tangent to the surface xy 2 + 2 x 2 yz + z 3 = 1 at ( 1 , , 1) . Find the equation of the line through (1 , 1 , 1) that is parallel to the plane π and orthogonal to the line l. g ( t ) = (1 , 2 t, 3 t 2 ); The point (1 , 1 , 1) corresponds to t = 1 , so the vector g (1) = (1 , 2 , 3) is tangent to the curve g ( t ) at the point (1 , 1 , 1) . O f = ( y 2 + 4 xyz, 2 xy + 2 x 2 z, 2 x 2 y + 3 z 2 ) , where f = xy 2 +2 x 2 yz + z 3 +1 is the function that de nes the surface. A line is parallel to the tangent plane if and only if it is orthogonal to the gradient. Plugging the point ( 1 , , 1) we get the vector O f  ( 1 , , 1) = (0 , 2 , 3) . Suppose that our line is given by (1 + v 1 t, 1 + v 2 t, 1 + v 3 t ) . Then the vector v = ( v 1 ,v 2 ,v 3 ) should be orthogonal to the vectors (1 , 2 , 3) and (0 , 2 , 3) . Since the crossproduct is orthogonal to the factors, it is enough to take v = (1 , 2 , 3) × (0 , 2 , 3) = fl fl fl fl fl fl i j k 2 3 1 2 3 fl fl fl fl fl fl = ( 12 , 3 , 2) . Therefore the line is given by (1 12 t, 1 + 3 t, 1 + 2 t ) . (b) Find a real valued function F ( x,y,z ) whose 0level set S is the image of the map f : R 2 → R 3 de ned by f ( u,v ) = ( u v,u + v, 1 2 u ) . The map f is a parametrization of the plane: x = u v, y = u + v, z = 1 2 u. Adding all three equations we get x + y + z = 1 . Therefore, the image of f is 0level set of the function F ( x,y,z ) = 1 x y z. (So, the surface is given implicitly by the equation F ( x,y,z ) = 0 , or 1 x y z = 0 . ) 1 2(a) De ne the function f : R 2 → R by f ( x,y ) = ‰ y ln( x 2 + y 2 ) for ( x,y ) 6 = (0 , 0) for ( x,y ) = (0 , 0) . Let u = ( a,b ) be a unit vector. Write, using the de nition (as a limit!), the directional derivative of f in the direction of u at the point (0 , 0) . In what direction(s), if any, does ∂ u f exists? Is f of class C 1 on R 2 ? Justify your answer with virtually no calculations....
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 Fall '09
 RomauldStanczak
 Calculus, Derivative, Sin, Cos, Continuous function, Open set

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