Class16_Development

Class16_Development - Psyc 1101 Motivation Emotion and...

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Psyc 1101 Motivation, Emotion, and Development July 15, 2010
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Class Outline Quiz What is motivation? How do we understand facial emotions? Human Development Biological Social Cognitive Aging Hand back exams
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Quiz!
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The McGurk Effect Consonants (3 relevant variables) -Place of articulation place in vocal tract where airflow is disrupted /b/ vs. /h/ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jtsfidRq2tw We can process up to 16 phonemes per second. Top-down processes involved in perception.
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Class Outline Quiz What is motivation? How do we understand facial emotions? Human Development Biological Social Cognitive Aging Hand back exams
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Motivation Concerned with the factors that energize, direct, or sustain behavior. Typically discussed in terms of goals (4 parts). 1. energizing: activate behaviors that cause animal to “do something”. 2. directive: guide behaviors towards satisfying specific goals. 3. persists: maintains behavior until goal is reached. 4. variety in strength: depends on needs
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Real World Example Energizing Directive Persists Varies in strength
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Motivation: Psychological Terms Arousal: Psychological activation such as brain activity, sweating, or muscle tension. Drive: Psychological state that motivates an organism to satisfy its needs. Homeostasis: Tendency for bodily functions to maintain equilibrium.
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Need Drive Behavior Food Hunger Obtain food Proportion of the response is related to the amount of the deprivation.
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Yerkes-Dodson Law Performance increases with arousal to an optimal point then decreases with increasing arousal
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Yerkes-Dodson Law: Any Examples? -Smelling Salts and Soccer -Studying in the library
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Sound Familiar? “Factors that energize, direct, or sustain behavior” Motivation or Operant Conditioning?
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Class Outline Quiz What is motivation? How do we understand facial emotions? Human Development Biological Social Cognitive Aging
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Emotion (affect) Feelings that involve subjective evaluation, physiological processes, and cognitive beliefs. Specific, occur in response to particular events in the environment. -Seeing a relative at the airport -getting cut off in traffic.
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Emotions are Adaptive Negative and positive experiences guide behavior that increases the probability of surviving and reproducing. Emotions are adaptive because they prepare and guide behaviors
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Facial expressions communicate emotion. -At birth infants can express: joy, interest,
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Class16_Development - Psyc 1101 Motivation Emotion and...

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