Class18_Personality - Psyc 1101 Personality July 22, 2010...

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Psyc 1101 Personality July 22, 2010
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Class Outline Quiz Review of attitudes and dissonance What is the effect of being in a group? What is the effect of an authority figure on our behavior? What is personality?
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Quiz!
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Social Review: Attitudes Evaluations of objects, events or ideas shaped by our social context. -shaving cream -republicans -abortion Attitudes can be altered by exposure (see social environment). Attitudes may be unconscious
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Social Review Explicit vs. Explicit Attitudes -movie preferences vs. IAT Mere Exposure Effect Cognitive Dissonance
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Discrepancies Lead to Dissonance Study 1. Participants perform a boring task for 1 hour. 2. Paid either $1 or $20 to tell the next person it was “interesting, educational, and worthwhile 3. Later asked about experience as part of departmental survey 3 groups did not lie lied and got $20 lied and got $1 Attitude: Lying is bad Behavior: Lying
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To justify their lying behavior, participants appear to have changed their attitudes about the experience.
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Justifying effort: Hazing Cognitive Dissonance Theory predicts working hard to obtain a goal makes the goal more attractive than the same goal obtained with no effort. Going through pain, embarrassment or discomfort to join group leads to dissonance Attitude: Would like to avoid pain/humiliation Behavior: Going through pain/humiliation
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Make the decision to pledge. They start going through pain they usually would avoid. Importance of becoming a member of that group increases to explain behavior. Behaviors the student will engage in goes up.
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Class Outline Quiz Review of attitudes and dissonance What is the effect of being in a group? What is the effect of an authority figure on our behavior? What is personality?
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Social facilitation Common view that the mere presence of other people might influence your performance… Does the complexity of the task matter? How much thought does this depend on?
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Social facilitation goal start “audience” boxes Cockroaches run from start (bright light) to goal (dim light) Faster when audience box is filled with other cockroaches than when empty Runway Condition
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Social facilitation goal start “audience” boxes Cockroaches run from start (bright light) to goal (dim light) Cockroaches worse with audience than without Maze Condition
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Social facilitation Zajonc’s explanation Presence of others causes physiological arousal
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This note was uploaded on 10/21/2010 for the course PSYCH 1101 taught by Professor Tomhutcheon during the Summer '10 term at Georgia Institute of Technology.

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Class18_Personality - Psyc 1101 Personality July 22, 2010...

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